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Flag of Algeria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The national flag of Algeria (Arabic: علم الجزائر‎) consists of two equal vertical bars, green and white, charged in the center with a red star and crescent. The flag was adopted on 3 July 1962. A similar version was used by the Algerian government in exile from 1958–1962. The Western blazon is per pale vert and argent; a crescent and star gules.

History
A Sea Fight with Barbary Corsairs by Laureys a Castro, c. 1681. Note the various flags with crescents used by the pirates.
The Barbary pirates of Ottoman Algeria between the 15th and 17th century widely used flags that were emblazoned with one or more crescents. These could however vary greatly in color, with dark red, black, green and white being in use. Besides these, Algerian pirates also used various flags in plain color, such as plain black ones signalling death. Less often, Algerian flags of this time also carried other motifs, such as suns, stars and crossed swords. It is also known that Algiers used an orange flag with a white horizontal sword on it by the early 19th century.

Description
Variant of the flag of the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (1958–1962)
Algerian ships fly it as their ensign, except for ships of the Algerian National Navy, which use one charged with two white crossed anchors in the canton as the naval ensign. Formerly, the two crossed anchors in the canton were red.

According to algeria-un.org, cited in 1999, the features of the flag are set down precisely, being described as:

The green must be a composition of equal yellow and blue having, according to the diagram of contrasts of Rood, a wavelength of 5,411 [ångströms] and the position 600 on the normal spectrum. The red must be pure, of primary non-decomposable colour, and exempt of blue and yellow having, according to the above-indicated diagram, a wavelength of 6,562 [ångströms] and the position 285 on the normal spectrum.

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (Arabic)
République algérienne démocratique et populaire (French)[dubious ]
Flag of Algeria
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Emblem
Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب
By the people and for the people
Anthem: Kassaman
(English: "We Pledge")
Location of Algeria (dark green)
Location of Algeria (dark green)
Location of Algeria
Capital
and largest city
Algiers
36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.217°E / 36.700; 3.217
Official languages
  • Arabic
  • Berber
Other languages French (administration, business and education)
Algerian Arabic (Darja) (lingua franca)
Ethnic groups
  • Arab-Berber 99%
  • 1% Others
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s) Algerian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Abdelkader Bensalah (Acting)
• Prime Minister
Noureddine Bedoui
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
Council of the Nation
• Lower house
People's National Assembly
Formation
• Al Jazâ'ir
1515
• French Algeria
5 July 1830
• Independence from France
3 July 1962
• Recognised
5 July 1962
• Current constitution
10 September 1963
Area
• Total
2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi) (10th)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• 2018 estimate
42,200,000 (32nd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$718.964 billion (36th)
• Per capita
$16,085 (84th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$200.171 billion (54th)
• Per capita
$4,645 (110th)
Gini (2011) 27.6
low
HDI (2017) Increase 0.754
high · 85th
Currency Dinar (DZD)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +213
ISO 3166 code DZ
Internet TLD .dz
الجزائر.

Flag of Algeria

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Flag History of Algeria? | How old is Algeria Flag Design formation? | How to call Algeria?

Categories: Flags of Algeria,National symbols of Algeria,Flags of Africa,National flags,Flags introduced in 1962,Flags with star and crescent,1962 establishments in Algeria,Algeria,North African countries,Maghrebi countries,Saharan countries,Arab republics,Republics,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,Berber-speaking countries and territories,French-speaking countries and territories,G15 nations,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Arab League,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1962,1962 establishments in Algeria,1962 establishments in Africa,Countries in Africa

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