The flag of Namibia was adopted on March 21, 1990 upon independence from South Africa.
The National Symbols Sub-Committee received 870 entries for the national flag. Six designs were short-listed; this was reduced to three, those of three Namibains - Theo Jankowski of Rehoboth, Don Stevenson of Windhoek and Ortrud Clay of Lüderitz. These three designs were combined to form the Namibia national flag, adopted unanimously on February 2, 1990 by the Constituent Assembly. The three designers were publicly acknowledged by judge Hans Berker, the chairman of the subcommittee, at the unveiling ceremony on 9 March 1990.
However, two other claims were made - South African Frederick Brownell claimed that he had designed the flag in his role as South African State Herald. The other claimant was Briton Roy Allen who claimed that the flag design was the result of a competition run by Hannes Smith of the Windhoek Observer, and that he had won.
The chairman explained the symbolism of the flag's colours as follows:
- Red - represents Namibia's most important resource, its people. It refers to their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all.
- White - refers to peace and unity.
- Green - symbolises vegetation and agricultural resources.
- Blue - represents the clear Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water resources and rain.
The flag has a white-edged red diagonal band radiating diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle is blue with a gold sun with 12 triangular rays and the lower triangle is green.
In Blazon: Tierced per bend sinister Azure, and Vert, a bend sinister Gules fimbriated Argent and in dexter chief a Sun with twelve straight rays Or charged with an annulet Azure.
|Design Formation||21 March, 1990|
|Currency||Namibian dollar (NAD), South African rand (ZAR)|
|Land/Area||825,615 km2 (318,772 sq mi)|
|Highest Point||Konigstein, Erongo - 2,606 m, (8,550 ft)|
|GDP(per capita)||9596.82 USD (Trading Economics - 2018)|
|Country Code||NA (NAM)(2 Digit ISO and 3 Digit ISO)|
|By Alphabet Order||N|