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Flag of Costa Rica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Use: State flag and ensign
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: 27 November 1906
Design:  Five horizontal bands of blue, white, red (double width), white and blue with the white elliptical disk placed toward the hoist-side of the red band bearing the National Coat of Arms.
Designed: by Pacífica Fernández

Variant flag of Costa Rica
Variant flag of Costa Rica


Use: Civil flag and ensign
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: 27 November 1906
Design: Five horizontal bands of blue, white, red (double width), white and blue.
Designed: by Pacífica Fernández

The national flag of Costa Rica is based on a design created in 1848. It is also used as the official ensign, and includes the coat of arms of Costa Rica. The civil ensign, commonly used as an unofficial national flag, omits the coat of arms.

The flag was officially adopted on 27 November 1906, including a slight modification to the placement and design of the entrenched coat of arms. The flag was updated to reflect concurrent modifications to the national coat of arms in 1964 and 1998.

The flag of Thailand is similar to the Costa Rican flag, except there is no emblem, and the blue and red stripes are reversed. It is also similar to the historic flag of allied-occupied Germany, and North Korea, but the latter has thinner white stripes.

Early History
During most of its colonial period, Costa Rica was the southernmost province of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, which was nominally part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (i.e., Mexico), but which in practice operated as a largely autonomous entity within the Spanish Empire. As such, the land of present Costa Rica was covered by the various flags of the Spanish Empire until 1823.

Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America (originally known as the "United Provinces of Central America"), a sovereign state in Central America, which consisted of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala. A republican democracy, it existed from July 1823 to 1841. During this period, Costa Rica used the flag of the United Provinces of Central America, augmented by variations specific to the State of Costa Rica within the United Provinces of Central America (a blue and white striped United Provinces flag, with the Costa Rican State Seal added).

When the Federal Republic of Central America unofficially dissolved by 1841, Costa Rica made a further modification to its specific variation of the United Provinces of Central America flag.

Actual Flag
The blue, white and red horizontal design was created in 1848 by Pacífica Fernández, wife of then president José María Castro Madriz. Fernández was inspired by France's 1848 Revolution, and the creation of the French Second Republic. The new design to the Costa Rican flag adopted the colors of the French tricolor.

The blue color stands for the sky, opportunities, idealism, and perseverance. The white color stands for peace, wisdom and happiness. The red color stands for the blood spilt by martyrs in defense of the country, as well as the warmth and generosity of the people. The stripes are in the ratio 1:1:2:1:1.

The coat of arms of Costa Rica was also revised in 1848 and placed in the center of the flag. In 1906, when the coat of arms was modified, the update was placed in a white disk on the flag's red stripe, and later on an oval, set toward the hoist.

The coat of arms depicts the isthmus between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, with 3 volcanoes. The 7 stars stand for the 7 provinces of Costa Rica. The Spanish name of the country is scrolled on a white banner, Republica de Costa Rica (Republic of Costa Rica), and the Central American union is recognized in the blue upper scroll, America Central, recalling the former United Provinces of Central America.

The flag of Costa Rica is similar to the flag of Thailand, which was adopted 11 years later in 1917. It also resembles the flag of North Korea which was adopted almost 42 years later in 1948.


Costa Rica Profile

Republic of Costa Rica

República de Costa Rica (Spanish)
Flag of Costa Rica
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera" (Spanish)
"Noble fatherland, your beautiful flag"
Location of Costa Rica
Location of Costa Rica
Capital
and largest city
San José
9°56′N 84°5′W / 9.933°N 84.083°W / 9.933; -84.083
Official languages Spanish
Recognized regional languages
  • Mekatelyu
  • Bribri
  • Patois
Ethnic groups
(2011)
  • 83.6% White/Castizo or Mestizo
  • 6.7% Mulatto
  • 2.4% Amerindian
  • 1.1% Black (of African descent)
  • 6.2% Others
Religion
(2017)
57% Catholic
25% Protestant
15% Irreligion
2% Buddhism and others
1% Unknown
Demonym(s)
  • Costa Rican
  • Tico(a)
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Carlos Alvarado
• 1st Vice-President
Epsy Campbell Barr
• 2nd Vice-President
Marvin Rodríguez
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Independence declared
• from Spain
15 September 1821
• from First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
from the Federal
Republic of
Central America
1838
• Recognized by Spain
10 May 1850
• Constitution
7 November 1949
Area
• Total
51,100 km2 (19,700 sq mi) (126th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2016 estimate
4,857,274 (123rd)
• Density
220/sq mi (84.9/km2) (107th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$93.600 billion
• Per capita
$18,400[5]
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$63.948 billion
• Per capita
$12,600[5]
Gini (2015) Negative increase 48.2
high
HDI (2017) Increase 0.794
high · 63rd
Currency Costa Rican colón (CRC)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Driving side right
Calling code +506
ISO 3166 code CR
Internet TLD .cr
.co.cr

Flag of Costa Rica

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Flag History of Costa Rica? | How old is Costa Rica Flag Design formation? | How to call Costa Rica?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1906,National flags,National symbols of Costa Rica, Costa Rica,Countries in Central America,Former Spanish colonies,Republics,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1821,Member states of the United Nations,1821 establishments in North America,Countries in North America,Christian states

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