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Flag of Ivory Coast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 3 December 1959
Design: A vertical tricolour of orange, white, and green.
The flag of Ivory Coast (French: Drapeau de la Côte d'Ivoire) features three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green.

Design and symbolism

In 1959, when the Ivorian Legislative Assembly was adopting the flag, Minister of State Jean Delafosse said:

The National Emblem must be the living symbol of the fatherland:

orange: recalling the colour of our rich and generous earth; it is the meaning of our struggle, the blood of a young people in its struggle for our emancipation;
white: peace, but the peace of right;
green: hope, of course, for others; but for us, the certainty of a better future
In 1960, when the Legislative Assembly was drafting the constitution, Mamadou Coulibaly said:

the Orange stripe expresses the splendour of national blossoming, while also serving as a reminder of the Northern Savannas. The White stripe glorifies peace in purity and union of hearts, and is the pledge of our success; and the Green stripe, expression of our hope for the future, recalls the luxuriant virgin forest of Ivory Coast, the first great source of national prosperity. The vertical alignment of the stripes symbolises the dynamic youth which heads for the future under the national motto "Union, Discipline and Work".

Gabriel Rougerie wrote in 1964, "The flag unites the colours of the three great landscapes of the Ivory Coast: green forest, white lagoon and orange savanna."

Adoption
The 1958 referendum which replaced the French Fourth Republic with the Fifth Republic also replaced the French Union with a French Community, under which most colonies became "autonomous states", including Ivory Coast on 4 December 1958. The new status for the first time allowed the adoption of a distinctive flag in place of the French tricolour. The French commissioner suggested a red-white-and-blue flag with stars, but the Ivorians wanted a greater departure from the flag of the former colonial power. The orange-white-and-green flag was adopted by law n°59-240, passed by the Ivorian Legislative Assembly on 3 December 1959, just before the first anniversary of autonomy.

Head of government Félix Houphouët-Boigny declared full independence from 7 August 1960 and the Legislative Assembly sat as a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution. Augustin Loubao proposed changing the orange stripe to red, to symbolise a willingness to shed blood to defend the new republic. Other legislators expressed strong opposition to any change, and the existing flag was retained in Article 1 of the constitution adopted on 3 December 1960. It was retained as Article 29 of the 2000 constitution and Article 48 of the 2016 constitution.

Similar flags
The Irish tricolour has similar colours, but with the green on the hoist side and a longer proportion (2:1 instead of 3:2). When Murielle Ahouré celebrated winning the 2018 world indoor 60-metre dash, in default of an Ivorian flag to wave she borrowed an Irish flag from a spectator and reversed it.

The flag of Niger, also adopted in 1959 when Niger and Ivory Coast were both members of the Conseil de l'Entente, is a horizontal tricolour of orange, white and green; as with the Ivorian flag, the orange and green are sometimes said to represent the arid north and the more fertile south respectively.

Republic of Côte d'Ivoire

République de Côte d'Ivoire (French)
Flag of Ivory Coast
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: ‘Union – Discipline – Travail’ (French)
’Unity – Discipline – Work’
Anthem: L'Abidjanaise
Song of Abidjan
Côte d'Ivoire (orthographic projection).svg
Location of Ivory Coast
Capital Yamoussoukro (political)
Abidjan (economic)
6°51′N 5°18′W / 6.850°N 5.300°W / 6.850; -5.300
Largest city Abidjan
Official languages French
Vernacular
languages
  • Bété
  • Dioula
  • Baoulé
  • Abron
  • Agni
  • Cebaara Senufo
  • others
Ethnic groups
(2018)
  • 41.1% Akan
  • 17.6% Voltaiques / Gur
  • 27.5% (Dyula, Maninka)
  • 11.0% Krous
  • 2.8% othersa
Demonym(s)
  • Ivorian
Government Unitary presidential republic under a parliamentary system
• President
Alassane Ouattara
• Vice President
Daniel Kablan Duncan
• Prime Minister
Amadou Gon Coulibaly
Legislature Parliament of Ivory Coast
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
National Assembly
Independence
• from France
7 August 1960
Area
• Total
322,463 km2 (124,504 sq mi) (68th)
• Water (%)
1.4
Population
• 2018 estimate
23,740,424 (54th)
• 2015 census
24,905,843
• Density
63.9/km2 (165.5/sq mi) (139th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$106.412 billion
• Per capita
$4,155[3]
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$48.142 billion
• Per capita
$1,879
Gini (2008) 41.5
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.492
low · 170th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +225
ISO 3166 code CI
Internet TLD .ci
  1. Including approximately 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French people.

Flag of Ivory Coast

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Flag History of Ivory Coast? | How old is Ivory Coast Flag Design formation? | How to call Ivory Coast?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1959,National symbols of Ivory Coast,Flags of Africa,National flags,1959 establishments in Ivory Coast, Ivory Coast,Blood diamonds,Economic Community of West African States,Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative,French-speaking countries and territories,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,States and territories established in 1960,West African countries,1960 establishments in Ivory Coast,Countries in Africa

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