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Flags of Croatia

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Flag of Croatia
Flag of Croatia


Name: Trobojnica
(The Tricolour)
Use: National flag
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 21 December 1990
Design: A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.
Designed by: Miroslav Šutej

Variant flag of Croatia

Use: Civil and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1992
Design: Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.

Variant flag of Croatia


Use: Naval ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1992
Design: Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

History
The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was the letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of the SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

Shield
The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.

Unicode
The national flag of Croatia is represented as the Unicode emoji sequence U+1F1ED 🇭 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER H and U+1F1F7 🇷 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER R.

Republic of Croatia

Republika Hrvatska (Croatian)[a]
Flag of Croatia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Lijepa naša domovino"
(English: "Our Beautiful Homeland")
Location of Croatia (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Croatia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Location of Croatia
Capital
and largest city
Zagreb
45°48′N 16°0′E / 45.800°N 16.000°E / 45.800; 16.000
Official languages Croatian[b]
Writing system Latin[c]
Ethnic groups
(2011)
  • 90.42% Croats
  • 4.36% Serbs
  • 5.22% others
Religion
(2011)
  • 91.06% Christians
  • 4.57% Irreligious
  • 1.47% Muslims
  • 2.90% others
Demonym(s)
  • Croatian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
• Prime Minister
Andrej Plenković
• Speaker of Parliament
Gordan Jandroković
Legislature Sabor
Establishment
• Duchy
7th century
• Kingdom
925
• Personal union with Hungary
1102
• Joined Habsburg Monarchy
1 January 1527
• Secession from
Austria-Hungary
29 October 1918
• Creation of Yugoslavia
4 December 1918
• Decision on independence
25 June 1991
• Erdut Agreement
12 November 1995
• Joined the European Union
1 July 2013
Area
• Total
56,594 km2 (21,851 sq mi) (124th)
• Water (%)
1.09
Population
• 2017 estimate
4,154,200 (129th)
• 2011 census
4,284,889 (128th)
• Density
75.8/km2 (196.3/sq mi) (126th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$113 billion (84th)
• Per capita
$27,664 (56th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$61.586 billion (81st)
• Per capita
$15,137 (57th)
Gini (2018) Positive decrease 29.7
low · 17th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.831
very high · 46th
Currency Kuna (HRK)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving side right
Calling code +385
Patron saint St. Joseph
ISO 3166 code HR
Internet TLD
  • .hr and .eu


Flag of Croatia

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Flag History of Croatia? | How old is Croatia Flag Design formation? | How to call Croatia?

Categories: Flags of Croatia, National flags,National symbols of Croatia,Croatia,Balkan countries,Croatian-speaking countries and territories,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Slavic countries and territories,Southeastern European countries,Southern European countries,States and territories established in 1991,Countries in Europe

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