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Flag of Cyprus

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Flag of Cyprus
Flag of Cyprus


Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 16 August 1960 (original design)
24 April 2006 (current version)
Design: An outline of the country of Cyprus above twin olive branches on a white field
Designed: by İsmet Güney

Variant flag of Republic of Cyprus


Use: Naval jack


The national flag of Cyprus (Greek: σημαία της Κύπρου simea tis Kipru; Turkish: Kıbrıs bayrağı) came into use on 16 August 1960, under the Zurich and London Agreements, whereby a constitution was drafted and Cyprus was proclaimed an independent state. The flag was designed by art teacher İsmet Güney. The design of the flag deliberately employs peaceful and neutral symbols in an attempt to indicate harmony between the rival Greek and Turkish communities, an ideal that has not yet been realized. In 1963, Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities separated because of Cypriot intercommunal violence.

The state flag features the shape of the entirety of the island, with two olive branches below (a symbol of peace between the island's two communities) on white (another symbol of peace). The olive branches signify peace between the Greeks and Turks. The map on the flag is a copper-orange colour, symbolising the large deposits of copper ore on the island, from which it may have received its name.

The flag is notable for not being particularly liked by either Greek or Turkish Cypriots; former President Glafcos Clerides described it as "the most innocent flag in the world", because "no one died for it".

Creation

Flag as it is used at police stations


The flag of the Republic of Cyprus was preceded by the flag of British Cyprus. Upon independence, Cyprus adopted a new flag, the design of which being created through a design competition in 1960. Under the constitution, the flag should not include either blue or red colours (the colours of the flag of Greece and the flag of Turkey), nor portray a cross or a crescent. All participants deliberately avoided use of these four elements in an attempt to make the flag "neutral".

The winning design was based on a proposal by İsmet Güney, a Turkish Cypriot art teacher. The design was chosen by Makarios III, the first President of the Republic, with the consent of Fazil Küçük, the first Vice-President.

Despite the attempt at a neutral design to promote unity amongst the constituent communities, this flag is most often used only by the Greek Cypriots, since it is associated by the Turkish Cypriots with the Greek-dominated Republic of Cyprus. Following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus and the establishment of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Turkish-Cypriots use the Flag of Northern Cyprus.

In the design of August 1960, the colour of the map is copper (Pantone 144-C). Both the crest and the two olive-tree leaves are olive green (Pantone 336-C). The background is white with the 3:5 ratio. In April 2006 the design was updated, the shape of the olive branches were slightly altered, its color was changed to Pantone 574, The copper color of the map was changed to Pantone 1385 and the ratio was changed to 3:2.

Flags produced on Cyprus often differ from the original specifications, both regarding the size of the map and the colours used. The government announced in October 2005, that it would take steps to "start from scratch" and assure that only flags complying with the official specifications would be produced.

Under the constitution of Cyprus, the flag of Cyprus may be flown by state institutions, public corporations, and citizens of the country.

Usage of the flag of Greece
According to the Constitution, private citizens may fly the flag of Cyprus alongside either the Greek flag, the Turkish flag, or both[6]. Other provisions also allow municipalities, educational institutions and the National Guard to do so as well. Since the de facto division of the island,consecutive to the 1974 invasion, the Flag of Greece is the only one flown in the area under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Cyprus, due to the exclusive presence of the Greek-Cypriots in that part of the island. Lately, there has been a decrease in the number of government buildings flying the Greek flag.

Proposed national flag

Proposed flag of the United Republic of Cyprus

Under the terms of the publicly-rejected referendum Annan Plan for Cyprus, a United Nations proposal to settle the Cyprus dispute, a new national flag would have been adopted by a reconstituted confederal republic of Cyprus. Unlike the current official flag, this version consciously incorporates colours representing Greece (blue) and Turkey (red) alongside a large copper-yellow band for Cyprus; the heraldic blazon is per fess Azure and Gules, a Spanish fess Or fimbriated Argent. It is possible that any future Cyprus settlement will include the adoption of a new flag.


Republic of Cyprus

  • Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
  • Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Flag of Cyprus
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν[a]
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of Cyprus (pictured lower right), showing the Republic of Cyprus in darker green and the self-declared republic of Northern Cyprus in brighter green, with the rest of the European Union shown in faded green
Location of Cyprus (pictured lower right), showing the Republic of Cyprus in darker green and the self-declared republic of Northern Cyprus in brighter green, with the rest of the European Union shown in faded green
Capital
and largest city
Nicosia
35°10′N 33°22′E / 35.167°N 33.367°E / 35.167; 33.367
Official languages
  • Greek
  • Turkish
Minority languages
  • Armenian
  • Cypriot Arabic
Vernaculars
  • Cypriot Greek
  • Cypriot Turkish
Ethnic groups
  • Greek Cypriots
  • Turkish Cypriots
  • Armenians
  • Maronites
Demonym(s) Cypriot
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Nicos Anastasiades
• Vice President
Vacant[b]
• President of the Parliament
Demetris Syllouris
Legislature House of Representatives
Independencefrom the United Kingdom
• London-Zürich Agreements
19 February 1959
• Independence proclaimed
16 August 1960
Independence Day
1 October 1960
Joined the European Union
1 May 2004
Area
• Total[c]
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (162nd)
• Water (%)
9
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,170,125[c] (158th)
• 2011 census
838,897[d]
• Density
123.4[c][5]/km2 (319.6/sq mi) (82nd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$35.970 billion (126th)
• Per capita
$41,572 (35th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$24.996 billion (114th)
• Per capita
$28,888[6] (33rd)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 30.8
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.869
very high · 32nd
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving side left
Calling code +357
ISO 3166 code CY
Internet TLD .cy[e]

Flag of Cyprus

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Flag History of Cyprus? | How old is Cyprus Flag Design formation? | How to call Cyprus?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1960,National symbols of Cyprus,National flags,Flags adopted through competition, Cyprus,Commonwealth republics,Eastern Mediterranean,International islands,Island countries,Islands of Asia,Islands of Europe,Mediterranean islands,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Middle Eastern countries,Near Eastern countries,Southern European countries,Western Asian countries,States and territories established in 1960,Countries in Asia,Countries in Europe

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