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Flag of Ecuador

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Flag of Ecuador

Name: La Tricolor (The Tricolor)
Use: National flag and state and naval ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 26 September 1860. Present ratio, November 2009.
Design: A horizontal tricolor of yellow (double width), blue and red with the National Coat of Arms superimposed at the center.

Variant flag of Ecuador

Use: Naval Jack
The national flag of Ecuador, which consists of horizontal bands of yellow (double width), blue and red, was first adopted by law in 1835 and later on 26 September 1860. The design of the current flag was finalized in 1900 with the addition of the coat of arms in the center of the flag. Before using the yellow, blue and red tricolor, Ecuador used white and blue flags that contained stars for each province of the country. The design of the flag is very similar to those of Colombia and Venezuela, which are also former constituent territories of Gran Colombia. All three are based on a proposal by Venezuelan General Francisco de Miranda, which was adopted by Venezuela in 1811 and later Gran Colombia with some modifications. There is a variant of the flag that does not contain the coat of arms that is used by the merchant marine. This flag matches Colombia's in every aspect, but Colombia uses a different design when her merchant marine ships are at sail.

Design

Construction sheet

The Ecuadorian National Secretariat of Communication (Secretaría Nacional de Comunicación) issued regulations describing the applications and proportions of the national flag, coat of arms, and other national symbols in November 2009.

The national flag has a length of 2.20 meters and a width of 1.47 m, a ratio of 2 to 3. The field is split into three horizontal colored bands, a yellow band of one-half the flag's width, a blue band of one-quarter the width, and a red band of one-quarter the width. All three bands extend the full length of the flag. The flag is charged with the Ecuadorian coat of arms scaled to one-half the width of the flag and centered in the field. The coat of arms itself is constructed in a rectangle with proportions 12:10. The national standard has the same design as the national flag, but is square, with length 0.9 m and width 0.9 m. When used by military units and organizations, lettering can encircle the coat of arms with a diameter of 55 centimeters. The lettering must be 4 cm in height, 3 cm in width, gold-colored Roman font, embroidered with gold thread. The only other regulated size is a table flag (banderola) where the flag is 200 mm wide and 300 mm long. When manufacturing the national flag, sellers to the public must include the name of their company, along with the year of manufacture, by placing a 20 × 10 mm tag on the reverse side of the flag on the sleeve.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms

In the background of the oval shield is the mountain Chimborazo, while the river originating from its base represents the Guayas. Chimborazo is also the highest mountain in Ecuador and is part of the Andes Range. The steamboat on the river is named Guayas as well. The ship was built in Guayaquil and was the first seaworthy steamship built in both Ecuador and in all of South America. It was first put into service on 9 October 1841. The ship has the features of a Caduceus representing trade and economy. This kind of mast has two wings surrounding a pole with two snakes encircling it. On top a golden sun surrounded by the Zodiac astrological signs for Aries, Taurus, Gemini and Cancer representing the months March to July to symbolize the duration of the March Revolution of 1845 that ousted General Juan José Flores.

The condor on top of the shield stretches his wings to symbolize power, greatness and strength of Ecuador. The condor also represents the idea that it will always be ready to attack any enemy. The shield is flanked by four national flags. The laurel on the left represents the victories of the republic. The palm leaf on the right side is a symbol of the martyrs of the fight for independence and liberty. The Fasces below the shield represents the republican dignity. The final design of the coat of arms was completed in 1900.

In the 1989 specifications issued to the Ecuadorian Military, the coat of arms has only eight colors that are used on the flag. The eight colors are yellow, blue, red (all from the national flag), sky blue, green, grey, silver and gold. There is also a nine piece instruction on how to draw the coat of arms, followed by a full color drawing and a black and white drawing of the arms. No size specifications have been laid out for the coat of arms except for when it is used on the national flag.

Symbolism
Miranda ascribed the colours he chose for his flag to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's theory of primary colours. In a letter written to Count Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov in 1792, Miranda described a late-night conversation which he had with Goethe at a party in Weimar, Germany during the winter of 1785. Fascinated with Miranda's account of his exploits in the American Revolutionary War and his travels throughout the Americas and Europe, Goethe told him that, "Your destiny is to create in your land a place where primary colours are not distorted.” He proceeded to clarify what he meant:

“First he explained to me the way the iris transforms the light into the three primary colours... then he said, "Why yellow is the most warm, noble and closest to the bright light; why Blue is that mix of excitement and serenity, so far that it evokes the shadows; and why Red is the exaltation of Yellow and Blue, the synthesis, the vanishing of the bright light into the shadows"."


The first time the yellow, blue and red flag was flown by Miranda was in 1806 on the ship Leander when trying to face the Spanish forces off of the coast of Jacmel, Haiti. The colors of the modern Ecuadorian flag evolved from those of the flag of the nation of Gran Colombia, which encompassed the territories of modern-day Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela.

The colors have the following meanings:

Yellow: The crops and the fertile soil.
Blue: The ocean and the clear skies
Red: The blood spilled by the heroes who died in the name of their countrymen's Fatherland and Freedom.

History
After the territory of Ecuador was conquered by Sebastián de Benalcázar, the emblems of the Spanish Empire flew over the newly founded city of Quito.

The first calls for independence from the Spanish crown came on 10 August 1809; a plain red flag was flown by the rebels. The independence movement was defeated in November 1812 at the hands of Spanish officer Juan Sámano. On 9 October 1820, a new flag, a blue and white bicolour, with five horizontal alternating stripes, and three white stars in the middle stripe, was raised for the first time. The three stars represent Guayaquil, Portoviejo and Machala. This flag was later adopted by the Guayas Province.

Gabriel García Moreno, upon assuming power two days after the Battle of Guayaquil in September 1860, the yellow, blue and red triband was returned to use; its reinstatement on 26 September is commemorated as Día de la Bandera, or National Flag Day in English. Previously, a vertical white, blue and white flag was used. In the middle of the blue stripe, there were white stars placed to signify the number of provinces in Ecuador. The highest star total was seven before this flag was abandoned. In 1900, the flag was made the definitive national standard, and was charged with the coat of arms for official national government use while the plain flag was reserved for the merchant marine.

Republic of Ecuador

  • República del Ecuador (Spanish)
  • Ikwayur Runaq Imayka (Quechua)
Flag of Ecuador
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto:
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish)
  • "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin)
  • "God, homeland and freedom"
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria (Spanish)
Hail, Oh Homeland
Location of Ecuador (dark green) in South America (grey)
Location of Ecuador (dark green)

in South America (grey)

Location of Ecuador
Capital
and largest city
Quito
00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Official languages Spanish
Recognized regional languages Kichwa (Quichua), Shuar and others "are in official use for indigenous peoples"
Ethnic groups
  • 71.9% Mestizo
  • 7.4% Montubio
  • 7.2% Afro-Ecuadorian
  • 7% Amerindian
  • 6.1% White
  • 0.4% others
Demonym(s) Ecuadorian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Lenín Moreno
• Vice President
Otto Sonnenholzner
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
• Declared
August 10, 1809
• from Spain
May 24, 1822
from Gran Colombia
May 13, 1830
• Recognized by Spain
February 16, 1840
• Current constitution
September 28, 2008
Area
• Total
283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi)a (73rd)
• Water (%)
5
Population
• 2016 estimate
16,385,068 (65th)
• 2010 census
14,483,499
• Density
58.95/km2 (152.7/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$194.845 billion
• Per capita
$11,788
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$109.759 billion (64th)
• Per capita
$6,640
Gini (2014) Positive decrease 45.4
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.752[10]
high · 86th
Currency United States dollarb (USD)
Time zone UTC−5 / −6 (ECT / GALT)
Driving side right
Calling code +593
ISO 3166 code EC
Internet TLD .ec
  1. Including Galápagos.
  2. Sucre until 2000, replaced by the US$ and Ecuadorian centavo coins.

Flag of Ecuador

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Flag History of Ecuador? | How old is Ecuador Flag Design formation? | How to call Ecuador?

Categories: National symbols of Ecuador,National flags,Flags of Ecuador,Flags introduced in 1860,Flags introduced in 1900,Flags introduced in 2009, Ecuador,Andean Community,Countries in South America,Former Spanish colonies,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the Union of South American Nations,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1830

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