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Flag of Equatorial Guinea

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Flag of Equatorial Guinea

Use: Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: August 21, 1979
Design: A horizontal tricolor of green, white and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the National Coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea centered in the white band.
The flag of Equatorial Guinea was adopted on August 21, 1979. The six stars on the map represent the country's mainland and five islands. Under the rule of dictator Francisco Nguema the flag was modified and a different national emblem was used on it. After he was deposed the original flag was restored.

Features and symbolism
The flag is a horizontal tricolor, with green, white and red stripes and a blue triangle at the hoist. Green symbolizes the natural resources, agriculture and jungles of the country. Blue symbolizes the sea, which connects the main country with the islands. White symbolizes peace. Red symbolizes the blood shed by the fighters for independence.

History
The flag was first flown the day of independence, October 12, 1968, and it showed the national emblem in the center. However, in 1973, during the regime of Francisco Nguema, a different national emblem was used on the flag. Under Nguema's rule, the coat of arm consisted of several tools, a sword and a chicken. The modified national motto Trabajo (work), and Unidad, Paz, Justicia (Unity, Peace, Justice) was written in two stripes. The original coat of arms was restored after Nguema was deposed on 21 August 1979. The arms consists of a silver shield with a silk-cotton tree, or Ceiba in the local language, which was derived from the arms of Rio Muni. Above the shield is an arc of 6 six-pointed yellow stars, that represent Rio Muni and the offshore islands. Beneath the shield is a silver scroll with the national motto, Unidad, Paz, Justicia ("Unity, Peace, Justice"). It is considered that under a silk-cotton tree a treaty was signed between Spain and a local ruler that marked the beginning of the colonial rule.

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

República de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)

Flag of Equatorial Guinea
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto:

"Unidad, Paz, Justicia" (Spanish)

"Unity, Peace, Justice"

Anthem: Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad (Spanish)
Let Us Tread the Path of Our Immense Happiness
Location of Equatorial Guinea (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Equatorial Guinea (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Capital Malabo
3°45′N 8°47′E / 3.750°N 8.783°E / 3.750; 8.783
Largest city Bata
Official languages Spanish (national language)
French
Portuguese
Recognised regional languages Fang
Bube
Combe
Pidgin English
Annobonese, Igbo
Ethnic groups
(1994[6])
  • 81.7% Fang
  • 6.5% Bubi
  • 3.6% Ndowe
  • 1.6% Annobon
  • 1.1% Bujeba (Kwasio)
  • 5.4% Igbo and othersa
Demonym(s)
  • Equatorial Guinean
  • Equatoguinean
Government Unitary dominant-party presidential republic (de jure) under an authoritarian dictatorship (de facto)
• President
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
• Prime Minister
Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
• First Vice President
Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Chamber of Deputies
Independence
• from Spain
12 October 1968
Area
• Total
28,050 km2 (10,830 sq mi) (141st)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
1,358,276
• 2015 census
1,222,442
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$28 billion
• Per capita
$32,855
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$12 billion
• Per capita
$13,350
HDI (2017) Decrease 0.591
medium · 141th
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Driving side right
Calling code +240
ISO 3166 code GQ
Internet TLD .gq
  1. Including Equatoguinean Spanish (Español ecuatoguineano).

Flag of Equatorial Guinea

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Flag History of Equatorial Guinea? | How old is Equatorial Guinea Flag Design formation? | How to call Equatorial Guinea?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1979,Flags of Africa,National symbols of Equatorial Guinea,National flags, Equatorial Guinea,Bantu countries and territories,Central African countries,Former Portuguese colonies,Former Spanish colonies,French-speaking countries and territories,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1968,Totalitarian states,Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries,1968 establishments in Africa,Portuguese-speaking countries and territories,Countries in Africa

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