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Flag of Estonia

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Flag of Estonia

Name: Sinimustvalge
Use: Civil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion: 7:11[1]
Adopted: 21 November 1918
7 August 1990
Design: A horizontal triband of blue, black, and white

Variant flag of Estonia

Use: Naval ensign
Proportion: 7:13
Adopted: 1991
Design: Tricolor, swallowtail, defaced with the shield of the state arms off-set towards hoist.
The national flag of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti lipp) is a tricolour featuring three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white. The normal size is 105 by 165 centimetres (41 in × 65 in). In Estonian it is colloquially called the "sinimustvalge" (lit. "blue-black-white"), after the colors of the bands.

First adopted on 21 November 1918 after its independence, it was used as a national flag until 1940 when the Soviet Union occupied Estonia. After World War II, from 1944 to 1990, the Soviet Estonian flag consisted first of a generic red Soviet flag with the name of the republic, then changed to the red flag with a band of blue water waves near the bottom. The Estonian flag, which was also used by the Estonian government-in-exile, was officially re-adopted 7 August 1990 one year before its official restoration of independence.

History
The story of the flag begins 17 September 1881, when the constituent Assembly of the first Estonian national student Corps "Vironia" (modern Estonian Students Society) in the city of Tartu was also identified in color, later became national.

Independence
The flag became associated with Estonian nationalism and was used as the national flag (riigilipp) when the Estonian Declaration of Independence was issued on February 24, 1918. The flag was formally adopted on November 21, 1918. December 12, 1918, was the first time the flag was raised as the national symbol atop of the Pikk Hermann Tower in Tallinn.

Soviet occupation
The invasion by the Soviet Union in June 1940 led to the flag's ban. It was taken down from the most symbolic location, the tower of Pikk Hermann in Tallinn, on June 21, 1940, when Estonia was still formally independent. On the next day, 22 June, it was hoisted along with the red flag. The tricolour disappeared completely from the tower on July 27, 1940, and was replaced by the flag of the Estonian SSR.

German occupation
During the German occupation from 1941 until 1944, the flag was accepted as the ethnic flag of Estonians but not the national flag. After the German retreat from Tallinn in September 1944, the Estonian flag was hoisted once again.

Second Soviet occupation
When the Red Army arrived on 22 September 1944, the red flag was just added at first. Soon afterwards, however, the blue-black-white flag disappeared. In its place from February 1953, the Estonian SSR flag was redesigned to include the six blue spiked waves on the bottom with the hammer and sickle with the red star on top.

The flag remained illegal until the days of perestroika in the late 1980s. 21 October 1987 was the first time when Soviet forces didn't take down the flag at a public event. 24 February 1989 the blue-black-white flag was again flown from the Pikk Hermann tower in Tallinn. It was formally re-declared as the national flag on 7 August 1990, little over a year before Estonia regained full independence.

Symbolism
A symbolism-interpretation made popular by the poetry of Martin Lipp says the blue is for the vaulted blue sky above the native land, the black for attachment to the soil of the homeland as well as the fate of Estonians — for centuries black with worries, and white for purity, hard work, and commitment.

Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik (Estonian)
Flag of Estonia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem:

"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm"

(English: "My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy")

Location of Estonia (dark green) – in Europe (green & grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Estonia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinna
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official language Estonian
Ethnic groups
(2018)
  • 68.7% Estonians
  • 24.9% Russians
  • 1.8% Ukrainians
  • 0.9% Belarusians
  • 0.6% Finns
  • 3.1% Others
Demonym(s) Estonian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Kersti Kaljulaid
• Prime Minister
Jüri Ratas
Legislature Riigikogu
Independence
Autonomy declared
12 April 1917
Independence declared
24 February 1918
Independence recognized
2 February 1920
Soviet and German occupations
1940–1991
Independence restored
20 August 1991
Joined the European Union
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) (129thd)
• Water (%)
4.45%
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase 1,323,824 (151st)
• 2011 census
1,294,455
• Density
28/km2 (72.5/sq mi) (194th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$46.590 billion
• Per capita
$35,346 (43rd)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$31.179 billion
• Per capita
$23,653 (40th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 31.6
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.871
very high · 30th
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving side right
Calling code +372
ISO 3166 code EE
Internet TLD .eee
  1. The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
  2. According to the Constitution of Estonia, Estonian is the sole official language.[8] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is spoken in parts of Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn.
  3. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.
  4. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Soviet Russia (then communist Bolshevik revolutionary government before 1923 organization of USSR). Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are part of Russia/Russian Federation. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn). Pechory remains under Russian administration.
  5. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Flag of Estonia

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Flag History of Estonia? | How old is Estonia Flag Design formation? | How to call Estonia?

Categories: National symbols of Estonia,National flags,Flags of Estonia,1918 introductions,1988 introductions,Flags introduced in 1918,Flags introduced in 1990, Estonia,Baltic states,Northern European countries,Eastern European countries,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Members of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization,Republics,States and territories established in 1918,States and territories established in 1991,Countries in Europe

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