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Flag of Ethiopia

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Flag of Ethiopia


Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 31 October 1996 (modified 16 May 2009)
Design: a horizontal tricolour of green, yellow and red with the National Emblem superimposed at the center.
Designed by: Abebe Alambo
The national flag of Ethiopia (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ሰንደቅ ዓላማ, yäItyoṗya Sändäq ʿAlama; or የኢትዮጵያ ባንዲራ, yäItyoṗya Bandira) was adopted on 31 October 1996. It conforms to the specifications set forth in Article 3 of the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia. However, the diameter of the central disc is increased from that of the flag used from 6 February to 31 October 1996. The three traditional colours of green, yellow and red date back to Iyasu V (reigned 1913–1916). The current flag and emblem were adopted after the defeat of Ethiopia's Marxist regimes headed by Mengistu Haile Mariam (in total, in power from 1974 to 1991). The emblem is intended to represent both the diversity and unity of the country. Blue represents peace, the star is said to represent diversity and unity, and the sun's rays symbolise prosperity. The green recalls the land, yellow stands for peace and hope, and red is symbolic of strength.

Colours

Ethiopia's national and regional flags

The green, yellow and red were used for the flag of the Ethiopian Empire in 1914. A year after Ethiopia decisively defended itself from Italian colonization at the Battle of Adwa, Menelik II on 6 October 1897 ordered the three pennants combined in a rectangular tricolour from top to bottom of red, yellow, and green with the first letter of his own name (the Amharic letter "ም") on the central stripe. In 1914, the flag was reversed to its current flag. The flag's tri-colour scheme has existed since the early 19th century, and the colours red, yellow, and green have carried special importance since at least the early 17th century.

The royal flag often featured the emblem of a Lion of Judah, a crowned lion carrying a cross centred in the banner's yellow midsection. The flag is understood to be a link between the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the peoples, and the nation that was united. The processional cross carried by the lion was the former flag or symbol of Ethiopia, and has likewise been in use since at least the early 17th century. Whilst red is currently featured at the bottom of the horizontal tricolour, this was reversed until the mid-19th century. The emblem was added in 1996. What the colours symbolise varies depending on point of view. However, generally, red represents blood spilled in defence of Ethiopia; yellow represents peace and harmony between Ethiopia's various ethnic and religious groups; and green is said to symbolise hope, or the land and its fertility. Upon gaining independence from colonial rule, several newly established countries in Africa adopted these three colours in homage to Ethiopia's resistance against foreign occupation. When adopted by Pan-Africanist polities and organisations for their activities, the colours are often referred to as the Pan-African colours.

Colour and symbolism
Green: "represents the richness and the fertility of our land as well as hope "
Yellow: "represents religious freedom and peace."
Red: "represents the sacrifice of our fathers, who spilled their blood in defense of Ethiopia "
Emblem

The Emblem of Ethiopia

Prior to 1996 (and to some extent even today), the 'plain' flag was commonly seen across the nation and the world. Previously, especially during the Derg regime, a number of different emblems were experimented with. However, the basic colour schematic has remained constant. Even after declaring itself a Communist regime, the Derg did not dare to tamper with the colours' layout, but simply removed and changed the imperial emblem after Haile Selassie's overthrow. An alternative emblem featuring a five pointed star and rays over a cogwheel surrounded by a wreath of leaves is now the featured emblem.

The star is yellow on a blue disc which overlaps the green and red stripes. The star testifies to Ethiopia's bright future, while the yellow rays which it emits are equidistant and are said to represent the equality of all Ethiopians regardless of race, creed, or sex. In recent years, the government of Ethiopia has taken a conscious effort to increase the usage of the flag with the emblem, which had been seen far less than the plain tricolour. As the plain tricolour was used and seen far more often than either the flag of the Derg or the Lion of Judah flag, this was considered unusual.

In 2009, the Parliament of Ethiopia passed Proclamation 654/2009 (The Federal Flag Proclamation), which prohibited firstly amongst 23 other provisions "use [of] the Flag without its Emblem", as well as "to deface the Flag by writing or displaying sings, [sic] symbols, emblems or picture [sic]", or "to prepare or use the Flag without the proper order of its colours and size or its Emblem." While most offences were punishable by a fine of "3000 birr or rigorous imprisonment up to one year," the first offense, mandating the usage of the emblem, received an increased penalty of "5000 birr or rigorous imprisonment up to one year and six months." This replaced the 1996 Flag Proclamation, which made no mention of offenses or penalties.

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Qafar af: ityoppiah federalih demokrasih ummuno
Afaan Oromo (Oromo): Rippabliikii Federaalawaa Dimokraatawaa Itiyoophiyaa
Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga Federaalka Itoobiya
Tigrinya: ናይኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Flag of Ethiopia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Emblem
Anthem:
ወደፊት ገስግሺ፣ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ
March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia
Location of Ethiopia
Capital
and largest city
Addis Ababa
9°1′N 38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750
Official languages Amharic (federal)
Regional languages

Afar, Amharic, Gurage, Harari, Oromo, Tigrinya, Sidamo, Somali, Wolaytta

Foreign languages

English, Italian, Arabic

Religion
Christianity (62.7%)
Islam (33.9%)
Traditional faiths (2.7%)
Others (0.6%)[6]
Demonym(s) Ethiopian
Government Federal parliamentary dominant-party republic
• President
Sahle-Work Zewde
• Prime Minister
Abiy Ahmed Ali
Legislature Federal Parliamentary Assembly
• Upper house
House of Federation
• Lower house
House of Peoples' Representatives
Formation
• Dʿmt
c. 980 BC
• Kingdom of Aksum
c. 100 AD
• Zagwe Dynasty
900
• Ethiopian Empire
1137
• Italian Ethiopia
1936
• Derg
1974
• People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
1987
Current constitution
August 1995
Area
• Total
1,104,300 km2 (426,400 sq mi) (26th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2016 estimate
102,403,196 (12th)
• 2007 census
73,750,932
• Density
92.7/km2 (240.1/sq mi) (123rd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$244.526 billion
• Per capita
$2,556[9]
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$88.170 billion
• Per capita
$921
Gini (2011) Negative increase 33.6
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.463
low · 173rd
Currency Birr (ETB)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Driving side right
Calling code +251
ISO 3166 code ET
Internet TLD .et

Flag of Ethiopia

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Flag History of Ethiopia? | How old is Ethiopia Flag Design formation? | How to call Ethiopia?

Categories: Flags of Africa,National symbols of Ethiopia,National flags,Flags of Ethiopia,Ethiopia,Countries in Africa,East African countries,Federal republics,Horn African countries,Landlocked countries,Least developed countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the United Nations,Christian states

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