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Flag of Finland

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Flag of Finland
Flag of Finland

Name: National flag
Use: Civil flag and ensign
Proportion: 11:18
Adopted: 29 May 1918
Design: Sea-blue Nordic cross on white field.
Dimensions:
4:3:4 (vertically)
5:3:10 (horizontally)

Variant flag of Finland

Name: The State flag
Use: State flag and ensign
Proportion: 11:18
Adopted: 1978
Design: Sea-blue Nordic cross on white field, rectangular Coat of Arms of Finland (colours gold and silver on red)

Variant flag of Finland

Name: The flag of the Defence Forces
Use: War flag and naval ensign
Proportion: 11:19
Adopted: 1978
Design: Sea-blue Nordic cross on white field, rectangular Coat of Arms of Finland (colours gold and silver on red), swallow-tailed

Variant flag of Finland

Name: The flag of the President of the Republic of Finland
Proportion: 11:19
Adopted: 1978
Design: Sea-blue Nordic cross on white field, rectangular Coat of Arms of Finland (colours gold and silver on red), swallow-tailed, Cross of Liberty in canton (colors gold on blue)

Variant flag of Finland

Use: Naval Jack
Adopted: 1918

The flag of Finland (Finnish: Suomen lippu, Swedish: Finlands flagga), also called siniristilippu ("Blue Cross Flag"), dates from the beginning of the 20th century. On a white background, it features a blue Nordic cross, which represents Christianity.

The state flag has a coat of arms in the centre, but is otherwise identical to the civil flag. The swallow-tailed state flag is used by the military. The presidential standard is identical to the swallow-tailed state flag but also has in its upper left corner the Cross of Liberty after the Order of the Cross of Liberty, which has the President of Finland as its Grand Master. Like Sweden's, Finland's national flag is based on the Scandinavian cross. It was adopted after independence from Russia, when many patriotic Finns wanted a special flag for their country, but its design dates back to the 19th century. The blue colouring is said to represent the country's thousands of lakes and the sky, with white for the snow that covers the land in winter. This colour combination has also been used over the centuries in various Finnish provincial, military, and town flags.

History
The first known "Flag of Finland" was presented in 1848, along with the national anthem Maamme. Its motif was the coat of arms of Finland, surrounded by laurel leaves, on a white flag.

The current blue-crossed design was first used in Finland by Nyländska Jaktklubben, a yacht club founded in Helsinki in 1861. In addition to the blue cross on the white background, the yacht club flag had the crowned arms of the province of Uusimaa within two crossed branches in the upper hoist quarter. Except for the position of the cross, the flag was similar to the flag of the St. Petersburg Yacht Club, founded the previous year. The design can be traced to the Russian Navy ensign, which has a blue cross saltire on a white background. During the Crimean War, Finnish merchant ships captured by the British-French fleet flew a flag called Flag of St. George, which was based on the Russian Customs flag. In this variant, the cross was thinner than in the modern flag, and the proportions were equal. Another blue-cross flag was made official in 1861 for private vessels.

In 1910, in connection with Russification of Finland, the Russian authorities decreed that a Russian flag was to be added to the canton. However, this was met with resistance; the flag was derided as the "slave's flag" (orjalippu), and most Finns refused to fly it. Instead, a triangular pennant without this modification was flown, thereby circumventing the decree concerning flags.

Shortly after Finland gained independence in 1917, a competition was held for the design of the Finnish flag. Several different designs were submitted. Regarding the colours, the entries fell mainly into two categories – one using the red and yellow from the Finnish coat of arms, and the other using the present blue and white colours.

One entry had the Dannebrog cross design, but with a yellow cross on a red background. Another entry had diagonal blue and white stripes, but it was criticized as being more suitable for a barber shop than a newly independent country. Akseli Gallen-Kallela proposed a similar cross flag, but with colors inverted (white cross on blue), but this was considered too similar to the Swedish flag and particularly the Greek flag of the time. Finally, artists Eero Snellman and Bruno Tuukkanen specified the final form of the flag.

The state flag was further modified in 1922, when the coronet was removed, and again in 1978 when the shield-shaped coat of arms was changed into a rectangular shape.

Legal definition
Size
Under Finnish law, the ratio of the flag is 11:18 (height:width), very close to the golden ratio. The swallow-tailed state flag is one unit longer and the tails are five units long. The cusp width of the blue cross is three units of measure, giving a ratio set of 4:3:4 (vertical) and 5:3:10 (horizontal). When flown from a flagpole, the flag is recommended to have a width equalling one sixth of the height of the pole.

Usage
The Finnish flag is used in three main variants. The usual national flag is used by all citizens, organizations and Finnish municipalities and regions. Anyone is allowed to fly the national flag whenever they deem it suitable. The rectangular state flag is used by bodies of the Finnish national and provincial governments, by the Cathedral Chapters of the two national churches (Evangelical Lutheran and Orthodox), and non-naval vessels of the state.

The swallow-tailed national flag, which is also the naval ensign, is flown by the Finnish Defence Forces. The presidential standard and the command signs of the Minister of Defence, Chief of Defence, and Commander of the Finnish Navy are flown only by the respective persons.

All public bodies as well as most private citizens and corporations fly the flag on official flag days. In addition to the official flag days, there are about ten unofficial but generally observed flag days. Besides flag days, normally, no flags or corporate flags are flown.

The Finnish flag is raised at 8 am and lowered at sunset, however not later than 9 pm. On independence day, the flag is flown until 8 pm regardless of the dark. On the occasion of great national tragedies, the ministry of interior may recommend flying the flag at half mast throughout the country.

As a special custom in Finland, the flag is flown at Midsummer from 6 pm of Midsummer eve until 9 pm of Midsummer's day. This is done to symbolize the fact that the darkness does not come to any part of Finland during Midsummer's Night. Midsummer is also celebrated as the day of the Finnish flag.

Republic of Finland

Suomen tasavalta (Finnish)

Republiken Finland (Swedish)

Flag of Finland
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem:
Maamme (Finnish)
Vårt land (Swedish)
(English: "Our Land")
EU-Finland (orthographic projection).svgShow globe
EU-Finland.svgShow map of Europe
Location of Finland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Helsinki
60°10′N 24°56′E / 60.167°N 24.933°E / 60.167; 24.933
Official languages

Finnish

Swedish

Recognised regional languages Sámi
Religion

Evangelical Lutheran Church

Orthodox Church

Demonym(s)

Finnish

Finn

Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Sauli Niinistö
• Prime Minister
Juha Sipilä
Legislature Eduskunta/Riksdagen
Formation
• Autonomy
within Russian Empire
29 March 1809
• Independence
from Russian SFSR
6 December 1917
• Civil War
against Red Finland/FSWR
27 January – 15 May 1918
• Joined the European Union
1 January 1995
Area
• Total
338,424 km2 (130,666 sq mi) (64th)
• Water (%)
10
Population
• September 2018 estimate
Increase 5,520,535 (114th)
• 2017 official
5,513,000
• Density
16/km2 (41.4/sq mi) (213th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$257 billion
• Per capita
$46,559
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$277 billion
• Per capita
$50,068
Gini (2017) 25.3
low · 6th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.920
very high · 15th
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +358
ISO 3166 code FI
Internet TLD .fia
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.


Flag of Finland

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Flag History of Finland? | How old is Finland Flag Design formation? | How to call Finland?

Categories: National flags,Flags of Finland,National symbols of Finland,Nordic Cross flags,1918 establishments in Finland,Flags introduced in 1918, Finland,Finnish-speaking countries and territories,Northern European countries,Members of the Nordic Council,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Post–Russian Empire states,Republics,States and territories established in 1917,Swedish-speaking countries and territories,Axis powers,Fennoscandia,Countries in Europe

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