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Flag of Gambia

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Flag of the Gambia


Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: February 18, 1965
Design: A horizontal tricolor of red, blue and green; each band of colour is separated by a narrow band of white
Designed: by Louis Thomasi

Standard of the President

Name: Standard of the President
The national flag of the Gambia consists of three horizontal red, blue and green bands separated by two thin white fimbriations. Adopted in 1965 to replace the British Blue Ensign defaced with the arms of the Gambia Colony and Protectorate, it has been the flag of the Republic of the Gambia since the country gained independence that year. It remained unchanged throughout the Gambia's seven-year confederation with Senegal.

History
The British first arrived in what is now modern-day Gambia in 1661, when they conquered James Island. They proceeded to construct forts around the confluence of the Gambia River with the Atlantic Ocean, and gradually expanded their control upstream. This area became a protectorate in the 1820s under the jurisdiction of Sierra Leone, and eventually emerged as a separate crown colony of the United Kingdom within its colonial empire in 1888. This newfound status gave the Gambia its own "distinctive" colonial flag. This is because colonies were permitted to utilize the British Blue Ensign and deface it with the arms of the territory under the Colonial Naval Defence Act 1865. The arms of the Gambia at the time consisted of a circle depicting an elephant, a palm tree and hills, along with the letter "G" standing for the first letter of the territory's name.

The Gambia was granted self-governance in 1963. The defaced blue ensign continued to be used until full independence was granted in 1965. The winning design for the new flag was created by Louis Thomasi, who worked as an accountant. It is one of the few African flags that does not utilize the colours of the country's leading political party, since its design "has no political basis". It was first hoisted at midnight on February 18, 1965, the day the Gambia became an independent country. In 1982, the Gambia formed a confederation with Senegal, which lasted for seven years before its dissolution in 1989. However, this closer union did not result in change of national symbols, and the Gambian flag continued to be flown during this time.

Design
Symbolism
The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The blue alludes to the Gambia River, which is the nation's key feature and is where the country derives its name from. The red evokes the sun – given the Gambia's close proximity to the Equator – as well as the savanna, while the thin white stripes represent "unity and peace". The green epitomizes the forest and the agricultural goods that the Gambian people are heavily dependent on, both for exports and their personal use.

Similarities
The flag's colour scheme of red, blue, green and white is the same as the one featured on the coat of arms of the Gambia.

Other uses
Following the 2013 general election in Luxembourg, a three-party coalition between the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), the Democratic Party (DP) and The Greens was formed. It was labelled a "Gambia coalition", because the colours of the three political parties are identical to the ones on the flag of the Gambia – red (LSAP), blue (DP) and Green (The Greens).

Republic of The Gambia
Flag of The Gambia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Progress, Peace, Prosperity"
Anthem: "For The Gambia Our Homeland"
Location of The Gambia
Location of The Gambia
Capital Banjul
13°28′N 16°36′W / 13.467°N 16.600°W / 13.467; -16.600Coordinates: 13°28′N 16°36′W / 13.467°N 16.600°W / 13.467; -16.600
Largest city Serekunda
Official languages English
National languages

Mandinka

Fula

Wolof

Serer

Jola

Ethnic groups
(2003)

34.4% Mandinka

24.1% Fula

14.8% Wolof

10.5% Jola

8.2% Serahuli

3.1% Serer

1.9% Manjago

1.3% Bambara

0.5% Aku Marabou

1.5% other

Demonym(s) Gambian
Government Unitary presidential republic
• President
Adama Barrow
• Vice President
Isatou Touray
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
18 February 1965
Area
• Total
10,689 km2 (4,127 sq mi) (159th)
• Water (%)
11.5
Population
• 2017 estimate
2,051,363 (146)
• 2013 census
1,857,181
• Density
176.1/km2 (456.1/sq mi) (74th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.582 billion
• Per capita
$1,686
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.038 billion
• Per capita
$488
Gini (2015) Positive decrease 35.9
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.452
low · 173rd
Currency Dalasi (GMD)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Daylight Saving Time
is not observed
Driving side right
Calling code +220
ISO 3166 code GM
Internet TLD .gm


Flag of Gambia

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Flag History of Gambia? | How old is Gambia Flag Design formation? | How to call Gambia?

Categories: Flags of Africa,National symbols of the Gambia,Flags introduced in 1965,National flags, The Gambia,1965 establishments in the Gambia,Commonwealth republics,Economic Community of West African States,English-speaking countries and territories,Former British protectorates,Least developed countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,States and territories established in 1965,West African countries,Countries in Africa,1965 establishments in Africa

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