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Flag of Georgia

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Flag of Georgia (country)

Name: Five Cross Flag
Use: Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 24–25 January 2004
Design: A white field with a centered red cross; in the centre of each quarter is a red Bolnur-Katskhuri cross.

The flag of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშა; sakartvelos sakhelmtsʼipo drosha), also known as the Five Cross Flag (Georgian: ხუთჯვრიანი დროშა; khutjvriani drosha), is one of the national symbols of Georgia. Originally a banner of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia, it was brought back to popular use in the late 20th and early 21st centuries during periods of the Georgian national revival. Prior to obtaining its official status in 2004, the flag was popularized by the United National Movement and served as one of the most recognisable symbols of the Rose Revolution.

The current flag was used by the Georgian patriotic movement following the country's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By the late 1990s, the design had become widely known as the Georgian historical national flag as vexillologists had pointed out the red-on-white Jerusalem cross shown as the flag of Tbilisi in a 14th-century map by Domenico and Francesco Pizzigano.

A majority of Georgians, including the influential Catholicos-Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church, supported the restoration of the flag and in 1999 the Parliament of Georgia passed a bill to change the flag. However, it was not endorsed by the President, Eduard Shevardnadze. It was adopted in the early 2000s by the main opposition party, the United National Movement led by Mikheil Saakashvili, as a symbol of popular resistance to Shevardnadze's rule.

The flag was adopted by Parliament on 14 January 2004. Saakashvili formally endorsed it via Presidential Decree No. 31 signed on 25 January, following his election as President. 14 January is annually marked as a Flag Day in Georgia.


საქართველო (Georgian)
Flag of Georgia
Coat of arms
ძალა ერთობაშია
Dzala Ertobashia
(English: "Strength is in Unity")
(English: "Freedom")
Areas under Georgian control shown in dark green; areas outside of that control shown in light green
Areas under Georgian control shown in dark green; areas outside of that control shown in light green
Location of Georgia
and largest city
41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Official languages Georgian (nationwide)
Abkhazian (Abkhazian AR)
Ethnic groups
86.8% Georgians
6.2% Azerbaijanis
4.5% Armenians
2.8% other
Georgian Orthodox Church
Demonym(s) Georgian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Salome Zurabishvili
• Chairperson of
the Parliament
Irakli Kobakhidze
• Prime Minister
Mamuka Bakhtadze
Legislature Parliament
Establishment history
Colchis and Iberia
13th c. BC–580 AD
• Kingdoms of Abkhazia and Bagratid Iberia
• United Georgian monarchy
• The Tripartite division
• Russian annexation
12 September 1801
Independence from the Russian Empire
26 May 1918
• Soviet re-conquest
25 February 1921
Independence from the Soviet Union

9 April 1991
25 December 1991
Current constitution
24 August 1995
• Total
69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) (119th)
• 2018 estimate
3,729,600[a] (131st)
• 2014 census
• Density
53.5/km2 (138.6/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$43.037 billion (116th)
• Per capita
$11,600 (105th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$16.716 billion (121st)
• Per capita
$4,505 (108th)
Gini (2016) Negative increase 36.5
HDI (2017) Increase 0.780
high · 70th
Currency Georgian lari (₾) (GEL)
Time zone UTC+4 (GET)
Driving side right
Calling code +995
ISO 3166 code GE
Internet TLD .ge .გე
  1. ^ Data not including occupied territories.

Flag of Georgia

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Flag of Georgia, Georgia flag on wikipedia, Which is the capital city of Georgia?, What currency is used in Georgia?, Georgia gdp per capita 2019, Georgia Land Area Sq Km , Highest point in Georgia, Georgia Area Code, Georgia Dialing Code, Georgia Telephone Code, Georgia Phone Code, Georgia Calling code, Georgia Internet TLD, Georgia Time Zone,Georgia Population

Flag History of Georgia? | How old is Georgia Flag Design formation? | How to call Georgia?

Categories: Flags of Georgia (country),Flags with crosses,National flags,National symbols of Georgia (country),Red and white flags,Flags introduced in 1918,Flags introduced in 1990,Flags introduced in 2004, Georgia (country),Eastern European countries,Western Asian countries,Modern history of Georgia (country),Republics,Transcaucasia,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1991,1991 establishments in Georgia (country),1991 establishments in Asia,1991 establishments in Europe,Georgian-speaking countries and territories,Countries in Asia,Countries in Europe,Christian states