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Flag of Germany

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Federal Republic of Germany

Name: Bundesflagge und Handelsflagge
Use: Civil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: 23 May 1949
Design: A horizontal tricolour of black, red, and gold

Variant flag of Federal Republic of Germany

Name: Bundesdienstflagge und Dienstflagge der Landstreitkräfte der Bundeswehr
Use: State flag and ensign, war flag
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: 7 June 1950

Variant flag of Federal Republic of Germany

Name: Dienstflagge der Seestreitkräfte der Bundeswehr
Use: Naval ensign
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: 9 May 1956

The flag of Germany or German flag (German: Flagge Deutschlands) is a tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germany: black, red, and gold (German: Schwarz-Rot-Gold). The flag was first adopted as the national flag of modern Germany in 1919, during the Weimar Republic, until 1933.

Since the 19th century, Germany has two competing traditions of national colours, black-red-gold and black-white-red. Black-red-gold were the colours of the 1848 Revolutions, the Weimar Republic of 1919-1933 and the Federal Republic (since 1949). They were also adopted by the German Democratic Republic (1949-1990), albeit, since 1959, with an additional ('socialist') coat of arms.

The colours black-white-red appeared for the first time only in 1867, in the constitution of the North German Confederation. This nation state for Prussia and other north and central German states was expanded to the south German states in 1870/1871, under the name German Empire. It kept these colours until the revolution of 1918/1919. Thereafter, black-white-red became a symbol of the political right, especially the radical right. The national socialists in 1933 re-established these colours along with the party's own swastika flag. After World War II, black-white-red was still used by some conservative groups or by groups of the far right - as it is not forbidden, unlike proper national socialist symbols.

Black-red-gold is the official flag of the Federal Republic of Germany. As an official symbol of the constitutional order, it is protected against defamation. According to §90 of the German penal code, the consequences are a fine or imprisonment up to five years.

Federal Republic of Germany

Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)[a]
Flag of Germany
Coat of arms
"Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" (de facto)
"Unity and Justice and Freedom"
Anthem: "Deutschlandlied" (third verse only)[b]
"Song of Germany"
EU-Germany (orthographic projection).svgShow globe
EU-Germany.svgShow map of Europe
Location of Germany (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Location of Germany
and largest city
52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups

87.9% German nationals

12.1% without German citizenship

1.8% Turkish

1.5% Arab

1.4% ex-Yugoslavia

1.0% Polish


28.2% Catholic Church members

26.0% Evangelical Church members

45.8% Rest (mostly irreligous, Muslims, non-church member Christians and Eastern Orthodox Christians)

Demonym(s) German
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
• Chancellor
Angela Merkel
• President of the Bundestag
Wolfgang Schäuble
• President of the Bundesrat
Daniel Günther
President of the Federal Constitutional Court
Andreas Voßkuhle
• Upper house
• Lower house
• East Francia
• Holy Roman Empire
• Kingdom of Prussia
• German Empire
18 January 1871
• Weimar Republic
9 November 1918
• National Socialist rule
30 January 1933
• West and East Germany[e]
• Basic Law adopted
8 May 1949
• Founded the EEC[f]
1 January 1958
• Reunification
3 October 1990
• Total
357,386 km2 (137,988 sq mi) (62nd)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 83,000,000 (17th)
• Density
232/km2 (600.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$4.555 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
$54,983 (18th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$4.117 trillion (4th)
• Per capita
$49,692 (17th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 29.1
HDI (2017) Increase 0.936
very high · 5th
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +49
ISO 3166 code DE
Internet TLD .de and .eu

Flag of Germany

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Flag History of Germany? | How old is Germany Flag Design formation? | How to call Germany?

Categories: National symbols of Germany,National flags,Flags introduced in 1949,Flags introduced in 1990,Flags of Germany,Germany,Central European countries,Countries in Europe,Federal republics,G7 nations,G8 nations,G20 nations,German-speaking countries and territories,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1871,States and territories established in 1949,States and territories established in 1990,Western European countries