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Flag of Hungary

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Flag of Hungary
Flag of Hungary

Use: Civil and state flag
Proportion:  1:2
Adopted: May 23, 1957 (as state flag)
June 19, 1990 (reaffirmed)
Design: A horizontal triband of red, white and green

The flag of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország zászlaja, more commonly Hungarian: magyar zászló) is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and green. In this exact form, it has been the official flag of Hungary since May 23, 1957. The flag's form originates from national republican movements of the 18th and 19th centuries, while its colours are from the Middle Ages. The current Hungarian tricolour flag is the same as the republican movement flag of the United Kingdom (used since 1816) and the colours in that form were already used at least since the coronation of Leopold II in 1790, predating the first use of the Italian Tricolour in 1797.

Current flag
The modern flag of Hungary originated from the national freedom movement from before 1848, which culminated in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. The revolution was not only in opposition against the monarchy but also the Habsburg Empire, as well as to form an independent republic. Accordingly, the Hungarian flag features a tricolour element, which is based upon the French flag, as a reflection of the ideas of the French revolution; while red, white, and green are colours derived from the historical Hungarian coat of arms, which have essentially remained in the same form since the mid-15th century, with exception to some minor differences, and were marshalled from arms that first appeared in the late 12th and early 13th century as arms of the Árpáds, Hungary's founding dynasty. The stripes are horizontal rather than vertical to prevent confusion with the Italian flag despite the banner in that form predating the Italian tricolour by at least 7 years, which had been designed after the French flag. According to other data, the recent form of the Hungarian tricolour had been already used from 1608 at the coronation of Mathias II of Hungary and following coronations.

Folklore of the romantic period attributed the colours to virtues: red for strength, white for faithfulness and green for hope. Alternatively, red for the blood spilled for the fatherland, white for freedom and green for the land, for the pastures of Hungary. The new constitution, which took effect on 1 January 2012, makes the ex-post interpretation mentioned first official (in the semi-official translation: strength (erő), fidelity (hűség) and hope (remény)).


Magyarország (Hungarian)
Flag of Hungary
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Himnusz" (Hungarian) 
"Hymn"
Location of Hungary (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Hungary (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Budapest
47°26′N 19°15′E / 47.433°N 19.250°E / 47.433; 19.250
Official languages Hungarian
Ethnic groups
(microcensus 2016)
  • 98.3% Hungarians
  • 3.2% Romani
  • 1.8% Germans
  • 1% not declared
Religion
(census 2011)
  • 54.3% Christianity
  • –39% Catholicism
  • –13.8% Protestantism
  • –3.3% other Christians
  • –0.2% Orthodox Church
  • 0.1% Judaism
  • 0.05% Buddhism
  • 0.01% other
  • 18.2% not religious
  • 27.2% unanswered
Demonym(s) Hungarian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
János Áder
• Prime Minister
Viktor Orbán
• Speaker of the National Assembly
László Kövér
Legislature Országgyűlés
Foundation
• Principality of Hungary
895
• Christian Kingdom
25 December 1000
• Golden Bull of 1222
24 April 1222
Battle of Mohács
29 August 1526
Liberation of Buda
2 September 1686
Revolution of 1848
15 March 1848
• Austro-Hungarian Empire
20 March 1867
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• Third Republic
23 October 1989
• Joined the European Union
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
93,030[7] km2 (35,920 sq mi) (108th)
• Water (%)
0.74%
Population
• 2017 estimate
9,797,561 (92nd)
• Density
105.3/km2 (272.7/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$325.134 billion (56th)
• Per capita
$33,408[9] (44th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$164.527 billion (55th)
• Per capita
$16,905 (55th)
Gini (2018) Negative increase 28.7
low · 16th
HDI (2017) Decrease 0.838
very high · 45th
Currency Forint (HUF)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format yyyy.mm.dd.
Driving side right
Calling code +36
Patron saint Saint Stephen
ISO 3166 code HU
Internet TLD .hu

Flag of Hungary

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Flag History of Hungary? | How old is Hungary Flag Design formation? | How to call Hungary?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1957, National symbols of Hungary, National flags, Hungary,Central European countries,Countries in Europe,Hungarian-speaking countries and territories,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in the 890s,States and territories established in 1000,States and territories established in 1920,Republics,896 establishments,Landlocked countries

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