Flag of Iran

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Flag of Iran


Islamic Republic of Iran
Name: Three Colour Flag
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 4:7 (see below)
Adopted: 7 October 1907 (original version, 1:3 ratio)
1964 (4:7 ratio)
29 July 1980 (current version)
Design: A horizontal tricolor of green, white and red with the National Emblem in red centred on the white band and the Takbir written in the Kufic script in white, repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band, for a total of 22 times on the fringe of the bands.

The flag of Iran (Persian: پرچم ایران‎, translit. Parcham-e Irān) is a tricolour comprising equal horizontal bands of green, white and red with the national emblem ("Allah") in red centred on the white band and the takbir written 11 times in the Kufic script in white, at the bottom of the green and the top of the red band.

This flag was adopted on 29 July 1980, as a reflection of the changes brought about by the Iranian Revolution of 1979, which resulted in the replacement of 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy with an Islamic Republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by a wide range of Islamist organizations and student movements. In opposition to the current regime in Iran, a number of Iranian exiles (particularly in Los Angeles) continue to use the Iranian tricolor with the Lion and Sun at the center.

Flag description
Emblem

The Tawhid is an emblem of Iran

The parliament of Iran, per the 1980 constitution, changed the flag and seal of state insofar as the Lion and Sun were replaced by the red emblem in the centre of the flag. Designed by Hamid Nadimi, and officially approved by Parliament and the Leader Grand Ayatollah Khomeini on 9 May 1980, this emblem is a highly stylised composite of various Islamic elements: a geometrically symmetric form of the word Allah ("God") and overlapping parts of the phrase lā ʾilāha ʾillā l-Lāh, (There is no God Except Allah), forming a monogram in the form of a tulip it consists of four crescents and a line. The four crescents read from right to left; the first crescent is the letter aleph, the second crescent is the first laam; the vertical line is the second laam, and the third and fourth crescents together form the heh. Above the central stroke is a tashdid (a diacritical mark indicating gemination) resembling "W". The tulip shape of the emblem as a whole memorialises those who have died for Iran and symbolises the values of patriotism and self-sacrifice, building on a legend that red tulips grow from the shed blood of martyrs. This emblem is somewhat similar to the Khanda but has no relation to Sikhism and its meaning to that religious community.


Kufic script
Written in white and repeated eleven times on the inner edges of each the green and the red band is the phrase Allahu Akbar (Allah is the greatest) in a stylised version of the kufic script. This symbolises the calls of Allahu Akbar on the night of 22 Bahman (11 February 1979) when the national radio of Iran broadcast: "From Tehran, the voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran" and marked the unofficial beginning of the Islamic Republic (with the official day being 2 May). This writing renders the flag non-reversible.

Colours

Lap of Honor of Kimia Alizade during 2016 Summer Olympics with the Tricolour flag of Iran
Green
In the Iranian culture, it symbolises growth, happiness, unity, nature, vitality and the Iranian languages. Historically, a green and white flag in a triangular form used to be the flag of the Persians (Pars).

White
The traditional colour of white symbolizes freedom, because white represents blankness and it is free to carry anything on it.

Red
It stands for martyrdom. In the Iranian culture, it symbolises bravery, fire, life, love, warmth, and sophistication. Historically, a red and white flag in a triangular form used to be the flag of the Medes (Mada).

Cyrus the Great, a Persian, defeated his grandfather Astyages, the High Judge (King) of the Medes, and founded Iran by uniting the Persians and the Medes. The Iranian flag (which was later designed under Darius I the Great) symbolised this unity and victory (green above white and red) as the flag of the people of Iran.

Islamic Republic of Iran

جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Persian)
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
Flag of Iran
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Emblem
Motto:
استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi
("Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic")
(de facto)
Anthem:
سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Sorud-e Melli-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
("National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran")
Location of Iran
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languages Persian
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
State religion:
Islam (Twelver Shia)
Constitutionally recognized minorities:
Islam (Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali, Zaydi),
Christianity (Armenian, Assyrian, Chaldean),
Judaism,
Zoroastrianism
Demonym(s) Iranian,
Persian (historically)
Government de jure:
Unitary Khomeinist presidential Islamic republic
de facto:
Unitary Theocratic-republican authoritarian presidential republic subject to a Supreme Leader
• Supreme Leader
Ali Khamenei
• President
Hassan Rouhani
• First Vice President
Eshaq Jahangiri
• Parliament Speaker
Ali Larijani
• Chief Justice
Ebrahim Raisi
• Upper house
Expediency Discernment Council
Guardian Council
• Lower house
Islamic Consultative Assembly
Establishment history
• Median Empire
c. 678 BC
• Achaemenid Empire
550 BC
• Parthian Empire
247 BC
• Sasanian Empire
224 AD
• Buyid dynasty
934 AD
• Safavid dynasty
1501
• Pahlavi dynasty
15 December 1925
• Islamic Revolution
7 January 1978 – 11 February 1979
• Current constitution
24 October 1979
• Latest amendment
28 July 1989
Area
• Total
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (17th)
• Water (%)
7.07
Population
• 2018 estimate
81,672,300 (18th)
• Density
48/km2 (124.3/sq mi) (162nd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$1.627 trillion (18th)
• Per capita
$19,541
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$334 billion (27th)
• Per capita
$4,006
Gini (2013) 37.4
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.798[
high · 60th
Currency Rial (ریال) (IRR)
Time zone UTC+3:30 (IRST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Date format yyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Driving side right
Calling code +98
ISO 3166 code IR
Internet TLD
  • .ir
  • ایران.

Flag of Iran

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Flag History of Iran? | How old is Iran Flag Design formation? | How to call Iran?

Categories: Flags of Iran,Iranian culture,National flags,National symbols of Iran,Flags representing the Shahada,Flags introduced in 1980, Iran6th-century BC establishments,Countries in Asia,Developing 8 Countries member states,G15 nations,Iranian Plateau,Islamic republics,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Middle Eastern countries,Iranian countries and territories,Near Eastern countries,Persian-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in the 6th century BC,States and territories established in 1979,Western Asian countries

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