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Flag of Kyrgyzstan

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Flag of Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Kyrgyzstan

Use: Civil and state flag, national ensign
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: March 3, 1992
Design: A red field charged with a yellow sun with forty uniformly spaced rays; the sun is crossed by two sets of three lines.

Variant flag of Kyrgyz Republic
Variant flag of Kyrgyz Republic

Use: Presidential Standard
Proportion: 3:5
Design: A red field charged with the Emblem of the President of Kyrgyzstan in the centre.

Variant flag of Kyrgyz Republic

Use: Local government flag
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: Since 2017
Design: A red field charged with the national emblem in the center, used by local governments in Kyrgyzstan.

The flag of Kyrgyzstan consists of a red field charged with a yellow sun that contains a depiction of a yurt (traditional tent). It is actually a depiction of the first thing one sees when waking up in a yurt, namely the construction of the pinnacle of every Kyrgyz yurt with three crisscrossing laths across the circular opening at the top of the yurt. Adopted in 1992, just over seven months after the country's independence was declared, to replace the flag of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR), it has been the flag of the Kyrgyz Republic since that year. Although the colour of the flag is identical to the former Soviet flag, the red is said to be inspired by the pennant lifted by Manas, the country's folk hero.

History
During the Central Asian revolt of 1916, Kyrgyz rebels were described as wielding white banners during an attack on Prebechakenska.

Under Soviet rule, the Union Republic – coterminous with modern-day Kyrgyzstan – utilized a flag derived from the flag of the Soviet Union and representing Communism, that was adopted in 1953. It declared itself independent on August 31, 1991, approximately four months before the dissolution of the Soviet Union.[3] Nevertheless, the Soviet-era flag maintained its status as the national flag for seven months after independence was declared. It was finally replaced by the new design on March 3, 1992.

Design
Symbolism

The interior view of a Kyrgyz yurt's roof
The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The red field stands for "bravery and valor", and alludes to the purported emblem hoisted by Manas, the national hero of Kyrgyzstan. The sun epitomizes peace and prosperity, while its 40 rays stand for the number of tribes united by Manas to fight against the Mongols, as well as the number of followers he had.

The centre of the sun features a stylized illustration of the roof (tunduk) atop a traditional Kyrgyz tent (yurt) when viewed from the interior. Although these tents are less commonly used today, its incorporation into the flag is meant to symbolize the "origin of life", the "unity of time and space", as well as the people's "hearth and home" and their history.

Proposals to change
In recent years, a commission was established to examine proposals to modify the design of the flag. The head of this body observed how it was the object of conflict and disunity, and that the government did not want this national symbol to be the cause of further division in society. This partially stemmed from disagreement over the interpretation of the symbols on the current flag. For instance, modern-day Kyrgyzstan is ethnically diverse, with sizeable minority groups such as the Uzbeks (14.3%) and Dungans (1.1%) living there. These groups were historically conquered by Manas, and hence, the current flag – inspired by his emblem utilized in war – does not sit well with some of them.

The red field has also been the source of much criticism. Some believe that it evokes the nation's tempestuous history, while others are of the opinion that it is a lingering remnant of communism in the country.

Kyrgyz Republic

Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz)
Киргизская Республика (Russian)
Flag of Kyrgyzstan
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Emblem
Anthem:
Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни
Kırğız Respublikasının Mamlekettik Gimni
National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic
Location of Kyrgyzstan (green)
Location of Kyrgyzstan (green)
Capital
and largest city
Bishkek
42°52′N 74°36′E / 42.867°N 74.600°E / 42.867; 74.600
Official languages
  • Kyrgyz (national and official)
  • Russian (national and official)
Ethnic groups
(2018)
  • 73.3% Kyrgyz
  • 14.6% Uzbek
  • 5.6% Russian
  • 1.1% Dungan
  • 5.4% Other
Religion
Islam, Christianity (Russian Orthodoxy), Buddhism, Bahai, Judaism
Demonym(s) Kyrgyzstani; Kyrgyz
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Sooronbay Jeenbekov
• Prime Minister
Muhammetkaliy Abulgaziyev
Legislature Joğorqu Keñeş
Independencefrom the Soviet Union
• Kara-Kirghiz AO
14 October 1924
• Kirghiz SSR
5 December 1936
• Independence declared
31 August 1991
• CIS full membership
21 December 1991
• Recognized
25 December 1991
• Admitted to the United Nations
2 March 1992
• Current constitution
27 June 2010
Area
• Total
199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi) (85th)
• Water (%)
3.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
6,019,480 (110th)
• 2009 census
5,362,800
• Density
27.4/km2 (71.0/sq mi) (176th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$24.356 billion (139th)
• Per capita
$3,812 (147th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$8.013 billion (145th)
• Per capita
$1,254 (157th)
Gini (2016) 26.8[6]
low
HDI (2016) Increase 0.664
medium · 120th
Currency Som (KGS)
Time zone UTC+6 (KGT)
Driving side right
Calling code +996
ISO 3166 code KG
Internet TLD .kg

Flag of Kyrgyzstan

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Categories: Flags introduced in 1992,National symbols of Kyrgyzstan,Flags of Asia,National flags,Flags of Kyrgyzstan,Flags of the Arctic, Kyrgyzstan,History of the Kyrgyz people,Central Asian countries,Landlocked countries,Member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Modern Turkic states,Republics,Russian-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1991,States and territories established in 1993,1991 establishments in Asia,1993 establishments in Asia,Countries in Asia

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