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Flag of Lebanon

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Flag of Lebanon

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: December 7, 1943
Design: A horizontal triband of red, white (double height) and red; charged with a green Lebanon Cedar.
Designed by: Henri Philippe Pharaoun

The flag of Lebanon (Arabic: علم لبنان‎) is formed of two horizontal red stripes enveloping a horizontal white stripe. The white stripe is twice the height (width) of the red ones (ratio 1:2:1)—a Spanish fess. The green cedar (Lebanon Cedar) in the middle touches each of the red stripes and its width is one third of the width of the flag.

Symbolism
The Presence and position of the Cedar in the middle of the flag is directly inspired by the mountains of Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani). The Cedar is a symbol of holiness, eternity and peace. As an emblem of longevity, the cedar of Lebanon has its origin in many biblical references.

The cedar of Lebanon is mentioned seventy-seven times in the Bible, especially in the book Psalms chapter 92 verse 13 where it says that "The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree, He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon" and Chapter 104, verse 16, where it is stated: "[t]he trees of the Lord are well watered, the cedars of Lebanon that he planted".

Alphonse de Lamartine (1790-1869), marveling at the cedars of Lebanon during his trip to the Orient with his daughter Julia, had these words: "[t]he cedars of Lebanon are the relics of centuries and nature, the most famous natural landmarks in the universe. They know the history of the earth, better than the story itself".

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900-1944), who loved the cedars and also had visited Lebanon in 1935, wrote in his work Citadel "[t]he peace is a long growing tree. We need, as the cedar, to rock its unity".

In 1920, in a text of the proclamation of the State of Greater Lebanon, it was said: "[a]n evergreen cedar is like a young nation despite a cruel past. Although oppressed, never conquered, the cedar is its rallying. By the union, it will break all attacks".

The white color on the flag represents the snow as a symbol of purity and peace.

The two red stripes refer to the Lebanese blood shed to preserve the country against the successive invaders.

Lebanese Republic

  • الجمهورية اللبنانية (Arabic)
    al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah
  • République libanaise (French)
Flag of Lebanon
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem:
  • كلّنا للوطن
  • Kulluna lil-watan
  • All Of Us, For the Country!
Location of Lebanon
Location of Lebanon
Capital
and largest city
Beirut
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533
Official languages Arabic
Recognised languages French
Demonym(s) Lebanese
Government Unitary parliamentary
multi-confessionalist republic
• President
Michel Aoun
• Prime Minister
Saad Hariri
• Speaker of the Parliament
Nabih Berri
Legislature Parliament
Establishment
• Mount Lebanon Emirate
1516
• Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate
1861
• Greater Lebanon
1 September 1920
• Constitution
23 May 1926
• Independence declared
22 November 1943
• French mandate ended
24 October 1945
• Withdrawal of French forces
31 December 1946
• Syrian and Israeli occupations
1976 - 2005
• Syrian troops withdrawn
30 April 2005
Area
• Total
10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (162nd)
• Water (%)
1.8
Population
• 2016 estimate
6,006,668 (112th)
• Density
560/km2 (1,450.4/sq mi) (21st)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$94 billion
• Per capita
$20,543 (66th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$59 billion (82th)
• Per capita
$12,992
HDI (2017) Increase 0.757
high · 80th
Currency Lebanese pound (LBP)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving side right[6]
Calling code +961
ISO 3166 code LB
Internet TLD .lb

Flag of Lebanon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and Licensed under CC-BY-SA

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Flag History of Lebanon? | How old is Lebanon Flag Design formation? | How to call Lebanon?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1943,National symbols of Lebanon,Flags of Asia,National flags, Lebanon,Countries in Asia,Middle Eastern countries,Eastern Mediterranean,Near Eastern countries,Western Asian countries,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,French-speaking countries and territories,Levant,Republics,States and territories established in 1943,1943 establishments in Lebanon,1943 establishments in Asia,Member states of the Arab League,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations

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