Flag of Libya

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Flag of Libya

Use: National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 24 December 1951
3 August 2011 (re-adoption)
Design: A horizontal triband of red, black (double width) and green; charged with a white crescent and five-pointed star centred on the black stripe.
Designed by: Omar Faiek Shennib

Variant flag of Libya

Use: Naval ensign
Design: a field of light blue, with the flag of Libya in the canton and a white anchor with rope in the fly.


The flag of Libya was originally introduced in 1951, following the creation of the Kingdom of Libya. It was designed by Omar Faiek Shennib and approved by King Idris Al Senussi who comprised the UN delegation representing the regions of Cyrenaica, Fezzan and Tripolitania at UN unification discussions.

The flag fell out of use in 1969, but was subsequently adopted by the National Transitional Council and anti-Gaddafi forces and effectively reinstated as the country’s national flag in article three of the Libyan Draft Constitutional Charter for the Transitional Stage issued on 3 August 2011.

Origin and history
The flag of the Kingdom of Libya was adopted when Libya gained full independence in 1951. It consisted of a white star and crescent on a triband red-black-green design, with the central black band being twice the width of the outer bands. The design was based on the banner of the Senussi dynasty from Cyrenaica, which consisted of a black field and star and crescent design, and was later used as the flag of the region.

Omar Faiek Shennib, Chief of the Royal Diwans, Vice President of the National Assembly and Minister of Defense under King Idris Al Senussi is credited in the memoirs of Adrian Pelt, UN commissioner for Libya (1949 to 1951) for the design of the original flag of Libya.[citation needed] According to Pelt: "during deliberations of the Libyan National Constitutional Convention, a paper drawing of a proposed national flag was presented to the convention by Omar Faiek Shennib [distinguished member of the delegation from Cyrenaica]. The design was composed of three colors; red, black and green, with a white Crescent and Star centered in the middle black stripe. Mr. Shennib informed the delegates that this design had met the approval of His Highness Emir of Cyrenaica, King Idris Al Senussi [later to become King of Libya]. The assembly subsequently approved that design."

This flag represented Libya from its independence in 1951 until the 1969 Libyan coup d'état. The symbolism of the star and crescent in the flag of the Kingdom of Libya was explained in an English language booklet, The Libyan Flag & The National Anthem, issued by the Ministry of Information and Guidance of the Kingdom of Libya (year unknown) as follows: "The crescent is symbolic of the beginning of the lunar month according to the Muslim calendar. It brings back to our minds the story of Hijra [migration] of our Prophet Mohammed from his home in order to spread Islam and teach the principles of right and virtue. The Star represents our smiling hope, the beauty of aim and object and the light of our belief in God, in our country, its dignity and honour which illuminate our way and puts an end to darkness."

During the Libyan Civil War, design without the star and crescent was common on homemade flags
In 2011, interviews with Ibtisam Shennib and Amal Omar Shennib, Omar Faeik Shennib's only two remaining children, were cited as confirming Pelt's account of the origin of the flag. Ibtisam Shennib recalled the morning her father brought a draft of the flag to the breakfast table and showed it to her and her siblings, explaining the original intent behind the selection of the flag's colours and symbols. According to Omar Faiek Shennib, "red was selected for the blood sacrificed for the freedom of Libya, black to remember the dark days that Libyans lived under the occupation of the Italians and green to represent its primary wealth, agriculture, [Libya once being referred to as the 'agricultural basket' or 'breadbasket' of the Ottoman Empire] and the future prosperity of the country. The star and crescent were placed within the black central strip of the flag as a reference to the Senussi flag and the role of King Idris in leading the country to independence".

During the Libyan Civil War against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi, the 1951–69 flag — as well as various makeshift versions without the crescent and star symbol, or without the green stripe — came back into use in areas held by the Libyan opposition and by protesters at several Libyan diplomatic missions abroad. The National Transitional Council, formed on 27 February 2011, adopted the flag previously used in the Kingdom of Libya between 1951 and 1969 as the "emblem of the Libyan Republic". The flag was officially defined in article three of the Libyan Draft Constitutional Charter for the Transitional Stage:

The national flag shall have the following shape and dimensions:

Its length shall be double its width, its shall be divided into three parallel coloured stripes, the uppermost being red, the centre black and lowest green, the black stripe shall be equal in area to the other two stripes together and shall bear in its centre a white crescent, between the two extremities of which there shall be a five‑pointed white star.

On 10 March 2011, France was the first country to recognise the council as the official government of Libya, as well as the first to allow the Libyan embassy staff to raise the flag. On 21 March, the flag was flown by the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations and appeared on their official website, and thereafter in late August by the Arab League and by Libya's own telecommunications authority, the Libya Telecom & Technology, on its own website. In the following months many other Libyan embassies replaced the green flag of Gaddafi with the tricolour flag.

This original flag of Libya is now the only flag used by the United Nations to represent Libya, according to the following UN statement: "Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August 2011 changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to 'Libya' as well as a decision to change Libya's national flag to the original." All Libyan diplomatic posts, such as embassies and consulates, use the original flag of Libya.

State of Libya

دولة ليبيا (Arabic)
Flag of Libya
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
National emblem
(de facto)
Anthem: ليبيا ليبيا ليبيا
"Libya, Libya, Libya"
Location of Libya
Location of Libya
Capital
and largest city
Tripoli
32°52′N 13°11′E / 32.867°N 13.183°E / 32.867; 13.183
Official languages Arabic[b]
Spoken languages

Libyan Arabic

Berber

Minority Languages

Teda

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 97%

3% Others

Religion
Islam
Demonym(s) Libyan
Government Unitary provisional government
• Chairman of the Presidential Council
Fayez al-Sarraj
• Prime Minister (GNA)
Fayez Al-Sarraj
• Vice Chairman of the Presidential Council
Ahmed Maiteeq
• President of the House of Representatives
Aguila Saleh Issa
Legislature House of Representatives
Formation
• Independence from Italy
10 February 1947
• Released from British and French oversight[c]
24 December 1951
• Coup d'état by Muammar Gaddafi
1 September 1969
• Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
19 November 1977
• The Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
April 1986
• Revolution Day
17 February 2011
Area
• Total
1,759,541 km2 (679,363 sq mi) (16th)
Population
• 2016 estimate
6,653,210 (108th)
• 2018 census
7,200,000
• Density
3.74/km2 (9.7/sq mi) (218th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$79.595 billion
• Per capita
$12,100
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$51.330 billion (98)
• Per capita
$7,803
HDI (2018) Increase 0.706
high · 108th
Currency Libyan dinar (LYD)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
Driving side right
Calling code +218
ISO 3166 code LY
Internet TLD .ly
ليبيا.
  1. ^ United Nations note concerning official name: "Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to "Libya" and changing Libya's national flag."
  2. ^ The official language is simply identified as "Arabic" (Constitutional Declaration, article 1).
  3. ^ The UK and France held a joint condominium over Libya through the United Nations Trusteeship Council.

Flag of Libya

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Categories: Flags introduced in 1951,Flags of Africa,Flags with star and crescent,National symbols of Libya,National flags, Libya,North African countries,Maghrebi countries,Saharan countries,Eastern Mediterranean,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,Berber-speaking countries and territories,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Arab League,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1951,1951 establishments in Libya,1951 establishments in Africa,Countries in Africa

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