Flag of Mali

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Flag of Mali

Use: National flag
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: March 1, 1961
Design: A vertical tricolour of green, gold and red.

Variant flag of Mali

Use: National flag
Adopted: April 4, 1959
Design: A vertical tricolour of green, gold and red with a human stick figure (kanaga) in black with arms raised to the sky centered in the gold band.
The national flag of Mali (French: Drapeau du Mali) is a tricolour with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist (the place where the flagpole meets the flag) the colours are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colours. The flag of Mali is almost identical to the flag of Guinea, with the exception that the colours are in reverse order.

Symbolism
The green stands for fertility of the land, gold stands for purity and mineral wealth and the red symbolizes the blood shed for independence from the French.

History
The current flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. The original flag was adopted on April 4, 1959, when Mali joined the Mali Federation. This flag was the same, except the golden stripe had a human stick figure, a kanaga, in black, with arms raised to the sky. The figure was removed due to the opposition, in a country whose population is 90% Muslim, of Islamic fundamentalists (see Aniconism in Islam, the belief against making pictures of the human figure).

Republic of Mali

République du Mali (French)

Mali ka Fasojamana (Bambara)

Flag of Mali
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Un peuple, un but, une foi" (French)
"One people, one goal, one faith"
Anthem: "Le Mali" (French)
Location of Mali (green)
Location of Mali (green)
Location of Mali
Capital
and largest city
Bamako
12°39′N 8°0′W / 12.650°N 8.000°W / 12.650; -8.000
Official languages French
Lingua franca Bambara
National languages

Bambara

Bomu

Tieyaxo Bozo

Toro So Dogon

Maasina Fulfulde

Arabic

Mamara Senoufo

Kita Maninkakan

Soninke

Koyraboro Senni

Syenara Senoufo

Tamasheq

Xaasongaxango

Ethnic groups

50% Mande

16% Fula

13% Voltaic (Senufo / Bwa)

10% Tuareg / Moor

6% Songhai

4% other

Demonym(s) Malian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
• Prime Minister
Boubou Cisse
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
• from Francea
20 June 1960
• as Mali
22 September 1960
Area
• Total
1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi) (23rd)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• November 2018 census
19,329,841 (67th)
• Density
11.7/km2 (30.3/sq mi) (215th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$44.329 billion
• Per capita
$2,271
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$17.407 billion
• Per capita
$891
Gini (2010) 33.0
medium
HDI (2017) Decrease 0.427
low · 182th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +223
ISO 3166 code ML
Internet TLD .ml
  1. As the Sudanese Republic, with Senegal as the Mali Federation.

Flag of Mali

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Flag History of Mali? | How old is Mali Flag Design formation? | How to call Mali?

Categories: National symbols of Mali,Flags of Africa,Flags introduced in 1961,National flags,Flags of Mali, Mali,1960 establishments in Africa,Countries in Africa,Former French colonies,French-speaking countries and territories,Landlocked countries,Least developed countries,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Saharan countries,States and territories established in 1960,West African countries

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