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Flag of Mauritania

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Flag of Mauritania

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 15 August 2017
Design: Two red stripes flanking a green field; charged with a golden upward-pointed crescent and star
The flag of Mauritania is a green field containing a gold star and crescent, with a red stripe at the top and bottom of the field. The original national flag was introduced under the instructions of President Moktar Ould Daddah and the constitution of 22 March 1959 and was adopted on 1 April 1959.

On 5 August 2017, a referendum was held by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz to change the national flag, abolish the senate, and other constitutional amendments. The referendum was successful, and the new flag, including two red stripes, which represent "the efforts and sacrifices that the people of Mauritania will keep consenting, to the price of their blood, to defend their territory", was adopted in for its first raising on 28 November 2017, the 57th anniversary of Mauritania's independence.

Design
Green, gold and red are considered Pan-African colours. Green is also used to symbolise Islam, and the gold is for the sands of the Sahara desert. The red stripes, which were added to the flag in 2017, represent "the efforts and sacrifices that the people of Mauritania will keep consenting, to the price of their blood, to defend their territory". The crescent and star are symbols of Islam, which is Mauritania's state religion. Some writers have also speculated that green symbolises a bright future and growth.[2] There is no official specification or construction sheet for the exact relative measurements of the star and crescent, although the flag's measurements are 2:3.

Islamic Republic of Mauritania

الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République Islamique de Mauritanie (French)
Flag of Mauritania
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Seal
Motto: شرف إخاء عدل (Arabic)
"Honor, Fraternity, Justice"
Anthem: نشيد وطني موريتاني
(English: "Country of the Proud, Guiding Noblemen")
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania
Capital
and largest city
Nouakchott
18°09′N 15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Official languages Arabic
Recognised national languages

Hassaniya Arabic

Pulaar

Soninke

Wolof

Malinke

Other languages French
Ethnic groups

Moors 40%

Arab-Berber 30%

Sub Saharan 30%

Religion
Islam
Demonym(s) Mauritanian
Government Unitary semi-presidential Islamic republic
• President
Mohamed Ould Abdel Azizb
• Prime Minister
Mohamed Salem Ould Béchirb
• President of the National Assembly
Cheikh Ahmed Baye
Legislature Parliament
• Lower house
National Assembly
Independence
• from France
28 November 1960
• Current Constitution of Mauritania
12 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi) (28th)
• Water (%)
0.03
Population
• 2016 estimate
4,301,018
• 2013 census
3,537,368
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$18.117 billion (134th)
• Per capita
$4,563 (140th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$5.200 billion (154th)
• Per capita
$1,309 (149th)
Gini (2008) 40.5
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.520
low · 159th
Currency Ouguiya (MRU)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +222
ISO 3166 code MR
Internet TLD .mr
  1. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."
  2. Not recognized internationally (see main article).

Flag of Mauritania

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Flag History of Mauritania? | How old is Mauritania Flag Design formation? | How to call Mauritania?

Categories: National symbols of Mauritania,Flags of Africa,Flags with star and crescent,Flags introduced in 1959,Flags introduced in 2017,National flags,Mauritania,1960 establishments in Africa,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,French-speaking countries and territories,Islamic republics,Least developed countries,Maghrebi countries,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Arab League,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Military dictatorships,States and territories established in 1960,West African countries,Saharan countries,Countries in Africa

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