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Flag of New Zealand

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Flag of New Zealand

Use: National flag and state ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 24 March 1902
In use since 1869
Design: A Blue Ensign with the Southern Cross of four white-edged red five-pointed stars centred on the outer half of the flag.
Designed by: Albert Hastings Markham
The flag of New Zealand, also known as the New Zealand Ensign, is a defaced Blue Ensign: a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton, and four red stars with white borders to the right. The stars' pattern represents the asterism within the constellation of Crux, the Southern Cross.

New Zealand's first flag, the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, was adopted in 1834, six years before New Zealand became a British colony following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Chosen by an assembly of Māori chiefs at Waitangi in 1834, the flag was of a St George's Cross with another cross in the canton containing four stars on a blue field. After the formation of the colony in 1840, British ensigns began to be used. The current flag was designed and adopted for use on the colony's ships in 1869, was quickly adopted as New Zealand's national flag, and given statutory recognition in 1902.

For several decades there has been debate about changing the flag. In 2016, a two-stage binding referendum on a flag change took place with voting on the second final stage closing on 24 March. In this referendum, the country voted to keep the existing flag by 57% to 43%.

Design
Devices
The flag of New Zealand uses two prominent symbols:

The Union Jack (or Union Flag
The Southern Cross (or Crux)
In its original usage as the flag of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Union Jack combined three heraldic crosses which represent the countries of the United Kingdom (as constituted in 1801):

The red St George's Cross of England
The white diagonal St Andrew's Cross of Scotland
The red diagonal St Patrick's Cross of Ireland
The Union Jack reflects New Zealand's origins as a British colony.

The Southern Cross constellation is one of the striking features of the Southern Hemisphere sky, and has been used to represent New Zealand, among other Southern Hemisphere colonies, since the early days of European settlement. Additionally, in Māori mythology the Southern Cross is identified as Māhutonga, an aperture in Te Ikaroa (the Milky Way) through which storm winds escaped.

New Zealand

Aotearoa (Māori)
Blue field with the Union Flag in the top right corner, and four red stars with white borders to the right.
Flag
A quartered shield, flanked by two figures, topped with a crown.
Coat of arms
Anthems:
  • "God Defend New Zealand"
  • "God Save the Queen"
A map of the hemisphere centred on New Zealand, using an orthographic projection.
Location of New Zealand, including outlying islands, its territorial claim in the Antarctic, and Tokelau
Capital Wellington
41°17′S 174°27′E / 41.283°S 174.450°E / -41.283; 174.450
Largest city Auckland
Official languages
  • English
  • Māori
  • NZ Sign Language
Ethnic groups
(2013)
  • 74.0% European
  • 14.9% Māori
  • 11.8% Asian
  • 7.4% Pacific peoples
  • 1.2% ME/LA/African
  • 1.7% Other
Demonym(s) New Zealander
Kiwi (informal)
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Governor-General
Patsy Reddy
• Prime Minister
Jacinda Ardern
Legislature Parliament
(House of Representatives)
Stages of independence
from the United Kingdom
• Responsible government
7 May 1856
• Dominion
26 September 1907
• Statute of Westminster adopted

25 November 1947
Area
• Total
268,021 km2 (103,483 sq mi) (75th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• April 2019 estimate
4,958,140 (120th)
• 2013 census
4,242,048
• Density
18.2/km2 (47.1/sq mi) (203rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$199 billion
• Per capita
$40,266
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$206 billion
• Per capita
$41,616
Gini (2014) 33.0
medium · 22nd
HDI (2017) Increase 0.917
very high · 16th
Currency New Zealand dollar ($) (NZD)
Time zone UTC+12 (NZST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+13 (NZDT)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd
Driving side left
Calling code +64
ISO 3166 code NZ
Internet TLD .nz

Flag of New Zealand

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Flag History of New Zealand? | How old is New Zealand Flag Design formation? | How to call New Zealand?

Categories: Blue Ensigns,Flags of New Zealand,National flags,National symbols of New Zealand,Southern Cross flags,1902 establishments in New Zealand1869 introductions,New Zealand,Archipelagoes of the Pacific Ocean,Countries in Australasia,Countries in Polynesia,English-speaking countries and territories,Island countries,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1907,Zealandia

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