Flag of Niger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Flag of Niger

Use: National flag
Proportion: 6:7 (see below)
Adopted: 23 November 1959
Design: A horizontal triband of orange, white and green; charged with an orange circle in the centre
The Flag of Niger has been the national symbol of the West African Republic of Niger since 1959, a year prior to its formal independence from France. It uses the national colors of orange, white and green, in equal horizontal bands, with an orange roundel in the center. The flag forms one of the official national symbols of the Republic of Niger, with the coat of arms of Niger, the National Anthem ("la Nigérienne"), the crest (used in the center of the coat of arms), and the motto: "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès". These form Article 1 of the first part of the 1999 Constitution of Niger. The flag is similar to the Flag of India, although the ratio, shade of orange, and symbol in the center differ.

Legal definition
Prior to independence from French West Africa, the flag of Niger was adopted by the Territorial Assembly of the Niger Colony on 23 November 1959, shortly before proclamation of the Republic within the French Community on 18 December 1959. The flag was designed in 1958. It was retained upon independence in 1960 and has remained unchanged through the 1999 Fifth Constitution.

A number of sources have described the symbolic intent of the flag, although official sources are silent upon this. A common interpretation is that the upper orange band represents the northern regions of the Sahara Desert (though this is sometimes said to be the Sahel), the center white band represents purity (though this is sometimes said to be the River Niger), and the lower green band represents both hope and the fertile regions of southern Niger. The orange circle in the center band is said to represent the sun or independence.

Niger's flag is a tricolour, in common with other former dependencies and colonies of France.

Republic of the Niger

  • République du Niger (French)
Flag of Niger
Coat of arms
  • "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
  • "Fraternity, Work, Progress"
Anthem: La Nigérienne
Location of Niger (dark green)
Location of Niger (dark green)
Location of Niger
and largest city
13°32′N 2°05′E / 13.533°N 2.083°E / 13.533; 2.083
Official languages French
National languages







Zarma & Songhai




Demonym(s) Nigerien (/nˈʒɛəriən/ or /nˌɪəriˈɛn/)
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Mahamadou Issoufou
• Prime Minister
Brigi Rafini
Legislature National Assembly
from France
• Declared
3 August 1960
• Total
1,267,000 km2 (489,000 sq mi) (21st)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
20,672,987 (61st)
• 2012 census
• Density
12.1/km2 (31.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$23.475 billion (140th)
• Per capita
$1,213 (183rd)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$9.869 billion (136th)
• Per capita
$510 (179th)
Gini (2014) Negative increase 34.0
medium · 70th
HDI (2018) Increase 0.354
low · 189th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Driving side right
Calling code +227
ISO 3166 code NE
Internet TLD .ne
  1. Lowest ranked.

Flag of Niger

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Flag History of Niger? | How old is Niger Flag Design formation? | How to call Niger?

Categories: National symbols of Niger,Flags introduced in 1959,Flags of Africa,National flags,Niger,Saharan countries,West African countries,Economic Community of West African States,French-speaking countries and territories,Landlocked countries,Least developed countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,States and territories established in 1960,1960 establishments in Africa,1960 disestablishments in France,Countries in Africa