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Flag of Norway

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Flag of Norway

Use: Civil flag and ensign
Proportion: 8:11
Adopted: 13 July 1821
Design: A red field charged with a white-fimbriated dark blue Nordic cross that extends to the edges; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side.
Designed by: Fredrik Meltzer

The flag of Norway (Norwegian: Norges flagg) is red with an indigo blue Scandinavian cross fimbriated in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark.

Symbolism
Fredrik Meltzer submitted his proposal just in time to be exhibited in parliament on 4 May 1821 together with a large number of other proposals. It was approved by both chambers during the following two weeks. Meltzer himself provided no written explanation for his choice of design and colours. However, his intentions may be inferred from an earlier letter of 30 April with his comments regarding the proposal from the flag committee. That design was divided quarterly red and white. Meltzer objected to the colours because they were too similar to those of the Danish flag. He added that it would be equally unseemly to choose the colours of any of "those states with which we have been or are connected with". Instead, he recommended a tricolour of red, white and blue, "three colours that now denote freedom, such as we have seen in the French flag of freedom, and still see in that of the Dutch and Americans, and in the Union of the Englishmen".

His eventual choice a few days later of a Nordic cross was clearly based on the tradition established by the other Nordic countries, Denmark and Sweden. This cross represents Christianity. The red and blue colours also explicitly referred to the same two countries, former and present union partners. It was clearly understood by all who took part in the flag discussions locally, in the press or in parliament what those colours denoted. A predominantly red flag had many adherents among those who were attached to the union with Denmark or to its flag, which for centuries had also been that of Norway. Others, who saw Denmark as an oppressor, favoured the blue colour associated with the new Swedish dynasty which was seen as more receptive of Norwegian ambitions of autonomy. Consequently, most of the other flag proposals on the agenda had either red or blue as the predominant colour, depending on the political preferences of the proposers.

Norwegian flag days
1 January - New Year's Day
21 January - Princess Ingrid Alexandra's birthday
6 February - The Sami National Day. (An official flag day both for the Sami people and for the whole of Norway.) Sami
21 February - King Harald V's birthday
16 March - The Kven National Day. (An official flag day for the Kven people.) Kven
Easter Sunday
1 May - Labour Day
8 May - Liberation Day 1945
17 May - Constitution Day 1814 (National Day) Norwegian
Whitsunday
7 June - Union Dissolution Day 1905
4 July - Queen Sonja's birthday
20 July - Crown Prince Haakon Magnus's birthday
29 July - Olsok. (Olav's Mass. In memory of King Olav Haraldsson (the Holy), who died in the battle of Stiklestad 29 July 1030.)
19 August - Crown Princess Mette-Marit's birthday
Second Monday of September every 4 years - General election
25 December - Christmas Day

Kingdom of Norway

  • Kongeriket Norge (Bokmål)
  • Kongeriket Noreg (Nynorsk)
  • Norgga gonagasriika (Northern Sami)
  • Nøørjen gånkarijhke (Southern Sami)
  • Vuona gånågisrijkka (Lule Sami)
Flag of Norway
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto:
Enige og tro inntil Dovre faller (Bokmål)
Einige og tru inntil Dovre fell (Nynorsk)
"United and loyal until Dovre falls"
Anthem:
  • Ja, vi elsker dette landet(de facto)
  • ("Yes, we love this country")

  • Royal anthem: Kongesangen
    ("The King's Song")
Europe-Norway (orthographic projection).svgShow globe
Europe-Norway.svgShow map of Europe
Location of the Kingdom of Norway (green)

in Europe (green and dark grey)

Location of the Kingdom of Norway and its integral overseas areas and dependencies: Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Bouvet Island, Peter I Island, and Queen Maud Land
Location of the Kingdom of Norway and its integral overseas areas and dependencies: Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Bouvet Island, Peter I Island, and Queen Maud Land
Capital
and largest city
Oslo
59°56′N 10°41′E / 59.933°N 10.683°E / 59.933; 10.683
Official languages
  • Norwegian
    • (Bokmål
    • Nynorsk)
  • Sámi 
    • (Northern
    • Lule
    • Southern)
Official minority languages
  • Kven
  • Romani
  • Romanes
Writing system Latin
Ethnic groups
  • Norwegian

Indigenous status:

  • Sámi

Minority status:

  • Jewish
  • Traveller
  • Forest Finn
  • Romani
  • Kven
Demonym(s) Norwegian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Harald V
• Prime Minister
Erna Solberg
• President of the Storting
Tone W. Trøen
• Chief Justice
Toril Marie Øie
• Current coalition
Conservative
Legislature Stortinget
L Sámediggi
History
• State established prior unification
872
• Old Kingdom of Norway (Peak extent)
1263
• Kalmar Union
1397
• Denmark-Norway
1524
• Re-established state[5]
25 February 1814
• Constitution
17 May 1814
• Sweden-Norway
4 November 1814
• Dissolution of Sweden-Norway
7 June 1905
Area
• Total
385,207 km2 (148,729 sq mi) (67tha)
• Water (%)
5.7b
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase 5,328,212 (120th)
• Density
13.8/km2 (35.7/sq mi) (213th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$397 billion[8] (46th)
• Per capita
$74,065 (4th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$443 billion (22nd)
• Per capita
$82,711 (3rd)
Gini (2017) Negative increase 26.1
low · 1st
HDI (2017) Increase 0.953
very high · 1st
Currency Norwegian krone (NOK)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +47
ISO 3166 code NO
Internet TLD .noc
  1. Does not include Svalbard and Jan Mayen. (With the territories, it is the 67th largest country at 385,207 square kilometers)
  2. This percentage is for the mainland, Svalbard, and Jan Mayen. This percentage counts glaciers as "land". It's calculated as 19,940.14/(365,246.17+19,940.14).
  3. Two more TLDs have been assigned, but are not used: .sj for Svalbard and Jan Mayen; .bv for Bouvet Island.

Flag of Norway

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Flag History of Norway? | How old is Norway Flag Design formation? | How to call Norway?

Categories: National flags,Flags of Norway,Nordic Cross flags,National symbols of Norway,Flags introduced in 1821,Flags introduced in 1899,Norway,Northern European countries,Member states of the United Nations,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of NATO,Members of the Nordic Council,Scandinavian countries,States and territories established in the 870s,872 establishments,States and territories established in 1814,States and territories established in 1905,Countries in Europe,Christian states

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