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Flag of Papua New Guinea

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Flag of Papua New Guinea

Use: National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 3:4
Adopted: 1 July 1971
Design: Divided diagonally from the upper hoist-side corner to the lower fly-side corner: the upper triangle is red with the soaring Raggiana Bird of Paradise and the lower triangle is black with the Southern Cross of four white larger five-pointed stars and the smaller star.

The flag of Papua New Guinea was adopted on 1 July 1971. In the hoist, it depicts the Southern Cross; in the fly, a raggiana bird-of-paradise is silhouetted. The design was chosen through a nationwide design competition in early 1971. The winning designer was Susan Karike Huhume, who was 15 years old at the time.

Red and black have long been traditional colours of many Papua New Guinean tribes. Black-white-red was the colour of the German Empire flag, which had colonised New Guinea prior to 1918. The bird-of-paradise is also found on the national coat-of-arms.

Prior to independence, the Australian administration proposed a vertical tricolour flag with blue, yellow and green bands, along with the bird of paradise and southern cross, designed by a Mr Holman. It had a mainly negative reception, due to its appearance as that of a "mechanically contrived outcome", thus the alternative proposal attributed to Susan Karike was chosen instead. The blue was said to represent the sea and islands of New Guinea, the Southern Cross was a guide for the travelling peoples, the gold represented the coastlines, mineral wealth, and unity, and the green represented the forested highlands and mainland, with the Bird of Paradise representing the unification under one nation.

The Southern Cross shows that it is a country in the Southern Hemisphere and can be seen in Papua New Guinea.

Independent State of Papua New Guinea

  • Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
  • Papua Niu Gini
Flag of Papua New Guinea
Flag
National emblem of Papua New Guinea
National emblem
Motto: "Unity in diversity"
Anthem: O Arise, All You Sons
Location of Papua New Guinea (green)
Location of Papua New Guinea (green)
Location of Papua New Guinea
Capital
and largest city
Port Moresby
9°30′S 147°07′E / 9.500°S 147.117°E / -9.500; 147.117
Official languages
  • English
  • Hiri Motu
  • PNG Sign Language
  • Tok Pisin
Indigenous languages
Over 850 languages
Demonym(s) Papua New Guinean
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Governor-General
Bob Dadae
• Prime Minister
Peter O'Neill
Legislature National Parliament
Independence
from Australia
• Papua and New Guinea Act 1949
1 July 1949
• Declared and recognised
16 September 1975
Area
• Total
462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi) (54th)
• Water (%)
2
Population
• 2016 census preliminary estimate
8,084,999 (101st)
• 2000 census
5,190,783
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (201st)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$32.382 billion (124th)
• Per capita
$3,764
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$21.543 billion (110th)
• Per capita
$2,504
Gini (2009) 41.9
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.544
low · 153rd
Currency Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
Time zone UTC+10, +11 (AEST)
Driving side left
Calling code +675
ISO 3166 code PG
Internet TLD .pg

Flag of Papua New Guinea

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Flag History of Papua New Guinea? | How old is Papua New Guinea Flag Design formation? | How to call Papua New Guinea?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1971,National flags,National symbols of Papua New Guinea,Flags adopted through competition,Southern Cross flags,Papua New Guinea stubs,Flag stubs,Papua New Guinea,1975 establishments in Oceania,1975 establishments in Papua New Guinea,Commonwealth realms,Countries in Australasia,Countries in Melanesia,English-speaking countries and territories,Island countries,Maritime Southeast Asia,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the United Nations,New Guinea,Small Island Developing States,States and territories established in 1975

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