Flag of Peru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Flag of Peru

Names: National flag of Peru (Bandera nacional), El Pendón Bicolor (The Bicolor Banner), La Enseña Nacional (The National Ensign),
Use: Civil flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1950
Design: A vertical triband of red (hoist-side and fly-side) and white.

The flag of Peru was adopted by the government of Peru in 1824, and modified in 1950. According to the article 49 of the Constitution of Peru, It is a vertical triband with red outer bands and a single white middle band. Depending on its use, it may be defaced with different emblems, and has different names. Flag day in Peru is celebrated on 7 June, the anniversary of the Battle of Arica.

Design and symbolism
Coat of arms
All four share the same escutcheon or shield, consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal, on a light-blue field, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key flavorant in tonic water), on a white background, representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.
Meaning of the colors
Red represents the blood that was spilled for the fight. White represents Purity and Peace.

Republic of Peru

República del Perú (Spanish)
Flag of Peru
Coat of arms
"Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
"Himno Nacional de Perú" (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Peru"

  • March:
    "Marcha de Banderas" (Spanish)
    "March of Flags"

National seal
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
PER orthographic.svg
Location of Peru
and largest city
12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official language Spanish
Co-official languages
  • Quechua
  • Other indigenous languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s) Peruvian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Martín Vizcarra
• Vice President
Mercedes Aráoz
• Prime Minister
Salvador del Solar
Legislature Congress of the Republic
from the Kingdom of Spain
• Declared
28 July 1821
• Consolidated
9 December 1824
• Recognized
14 August 1879
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19th)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
32,495,510 (43rd)
• 2017 census
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi) (198th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$458.389 billion (36th)
• Per capita
$14,252 (85th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$239.218 billion (41nd)
• Per capita
$7,118 (80th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 43.3
HDI (2017) Increase 0.750
high · 89th
Currency Sol (PEN)
Time zone UTC−5 (PET)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving side right
Calling code +51
ISO 3166 code PE
Internet TLD .pe

Flag of Peru

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Flag History of Peru? | How old is Peru Flag Design formation? | How to call Peru?

Categories: National symbols of Peru,Flags of Peru,National flags,Red and white flags,Peru,Andean Community,Countries in South America,Former Spanish colonies,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1821