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Flag of Philippines

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Flag of the Philippines
Flag of the Philippines

Name: Pambansang Watawat
("National Flag")
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: June 12, 1898 (original version used by the First Philippine Republic)
February 12, 1998 (current version reaffirmed by Republic Act No. 8491)
Design: A horizontal bicolour of blue and red; with a white equilateral triangle based at the hoist containing three, 5-pointed gold stars at its vertices, and an 8-rayed gold sun at its center.
Designed by: Emilio Aguinaldo

The National Flag of the Philippines (Filipino: Pambansang Watawat ng Pilipinas) is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and crimson red, with a white, equilateral triangle at the hoist. In the center of the triangle is a golden-yellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing a Philippine province. At each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed, golden-yellow star, each of which representing one of the country's three main island groups—Luzon, Visayas (though originally referring to Panay) and Mindanao. A unique feature of this flag is its usage to indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red side on top, which is effectively achieved just by flipping the flag upside-down.

Republika ng Pilipinas (Filipino)
Flag of the Philippines
Coat of arms
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"
"For God, People, Nature, and Country"
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
Chosen Land
Great Seal
Great Seal of the Philippines
Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas (Filipino)
Great Seal of the Philippines
Location of the Philippines
Capital Manila
14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967
Largest city Quezon City
14°38′N 121°02′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Official languages
  • Filipino
  • English
Recognized regional languages
National language Filipino
Other recognized languages Official and national sign language
Filipino Sign Language
Auxiliary languages
  • Spanish
  • Arabic
Ethnic groups
  • 32.9% Visayan
  • 29.5% Tagalog
  • 10.1% Moro
  • 10% Ilocano
  • 5.8% Bicolano
  • 2.8% Kapampangan
  • 1.6% Igorot
  • 1.5% Pangasinense
  • 1.5% Chinese
  • 3.3% others
Demonym(s) Filipino
(masculine or neutral)
(colloquial masculine or neutral)
(colloquial feminine)
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Rodrigo Duterte
• Vice President
Leni Robredo
• Senate President
Vicente Sotto III
• House Speaker
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
• Chief Justice
Lucas Bersamin
Legislature Congress
• Upper house
• Lower house
House of Representatives
Formation of the republic
• Independence from Spain declared
June 12, 1898
• Treaty of Paris (1898) / Spanish cession
December 10, 1898
• Malolos Constitution / First Philippine Republic
January 21, 1899
• Tydings–McDuffie Act
March 24, 1934
• Commonwealth of the Philippines
May 14, 1935
• Treaty of Manila / Independence from United States
July 4, 1946
• Current constitution
February 2, 1987
• Total
300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) (72nd)
• Water (%)
0.61 (inland waters)
• Land
• 2015 census
100,981,437 (13th)
• Density
336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (47th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$1.041 trillion (27th)
• Per capita
$9,538 (119th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$354 billion (36th)
• Per capita
$3,246 (125th)
Gini (2015) Positive decrease 40.1
medium · 44th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.699
medium · 113th
Currency Peso (₱) (PHP)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8 (not observed)
Date format
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +63
ISO 3166 code PH
Internet TLD .ph

Flag of Philippines

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Categories: National symbols of the Philippines,Flags of the Philippines,Flags of Asia,National flags,Flags introduced in 1898,Flags introduced in 1998,Philippines,English-speaking countries and territories,Former colonies in Asia,Former Spanish colonies,Island countries,Maritime Southeast Asia,Member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Southeast Asian countries,Spanish East Indies,States and territories established in 1565,States and territories established in 1898,States and territories established in 1946,Volcanic arc islands,Countries in Asia