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Flag of Republic of the Congo

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Flag of the Republic of the Congo

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: September 15, 1959
(Re-adopted on June 10, 1991)
Design: A diagonal tricolour of green, yellow and red radiating from the lower hoist side corner.
The national flag of the Republic of the Congo consists of a yellow diagonal band divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner, with a green upper triangle and red lower triangle. Adopted in 1959 to replace the French Tricolour, it was the flag of the Republic of the Congo until 1970, when the People's Republic of the Congo was established. The new regime changed the flag to a red field with the coat of arms of the People's Republic in the canton. This version was utilized until the regime collapsed in 1991. The new government promptly restored the original pre-1970 flag.

Design
The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The green symbolizes the agriculture and forests of the Congo, while the yellow represents the "friendship and nobility" of the Congolese people. However, the symbolism behind the red was left unexplained. From a continental viewpoint, the green, yellow and red are the colours of the Pan-Africanist movement.; it is the only Pan-Africanist flag to utilize a diagonal pattern in its design. They are also the same colours utilized in the flag of Ethiopia, the oldest independent country in Africa and the only nation other than Liberia to remain independent during the Scramble for Africa.

Republic of the Congo

République du Congo (French)
Repubilika ya Kôngo (Kongo)
Republíki ya Kongó (Lingala)
Flag of the Republic of the Congo
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
(English: "Unity, Work, Progress")
Anthem: La Congolaise (French)
(English: "The Congolese")
Location of Republic of the Congo (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Republic of the Congo (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Brazzaville
4°16′S 15°17′E / 4.267°S 15.283°E / -4.267; 15.283
Official languages French
Recognised regional languages
  • Kituba
  • Kikongo
  • Lingala
Ethnic groups
  • 48% Kongo
  • 20% Sangha
  • 17% Teke
  • 12% M'Bochi
  • 3% Europeans / others
Demonym(s) Congolese
Government Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic
• President
Denis Sassou Nguesso
• Prime Minister
Clément Mouamba
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
National Assembly
Independence
• from France
15 August 1960
Area
• Total
342,000 km2 (132,000 sq mi) (64th)
• Water (%)
3.3
Population
• 2016 estimate
5,125,821 (124th)
• Density
12.8/km2 (33.2/sq mi) (204th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$34.054 billion
• Per capita
$7,323
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$9.210 billion
• Per capita
$1,981
Gini (2011) 40.2
medium
HDI (2017) Decrease 0.606
medium · 137th
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Driving side right
Calling code +242
ISO 3166 code CG
Internet TLD .cg

Flag of Republic of the Congo

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Categories: Flags of Africa,National symbols of the Republic of the Congo,Flags introduced in 1959,National flags,Republic of the Congo,Bantu countries and territories,Central African countries,French-speaking countries and territories,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the United Nations,RepublicsStates and territories established in 1960,1960 establishments in Africa,Countries in Africa

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