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Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: November 5, 1975
Design: A horizontal tricolour of green, yellow and green; with a red triangle based at the hoist and two black five-pointed stars in the yellow stripe
The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe consists of a red triangle situated at the hoist, with three horizontal green, yellow and green bands charged with two five-pointed black stars at the centre. Adopted in 1975 to replace the flag of Portugal from the colonial period, it has been the flag of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe since the country gained independence in that same year. The design of the present flag was inspired by and is almost identical to the flag of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe.

Design
Symbolism
The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The green alludes to the plentiful vegetation of the country, while the yellow stands for the tropical sun and cocoa, a key agricultural crop for the nation. The red evokes the "struggle for independence", as well as equality. The two stars on the yellow band represent the two islands that make up the country.

Nationally, the flag was inspired by the MLSTP flag; it is almost identical to it except that the widths of the horizontal bands on the national flag are at a ratio of 2:3:2. On the other hand, the three bands on the flag of the political party are of equal width. On a continental level, the yellow, green and red represented the Pan-Africanist movement. These colours are the same as the ones utilized in the flag of Ethiopia.

Democratic Republic of
São Tomé and Príncipe

República Democrática de
São Tomé e Príncipe
(Portuguese)
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho" (Portuguese)
"Unity, Discipline, Labour"
Anthem: Independência total
Total Independence
Location of São Tomé and Príncipe (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of São Tomé and Príncipe (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Location of São Tomé and Príncipe
Capital
and largest city
São Tomé
0°20′N 6°44′E / 0.333°N 6.733°E / 0.333; 6.733
Official languages Portuguese
Recognised regional languages
  • Forro
  • Angolar
  • Principense
Demonym(s)
  • São Toméan (Sao Tomean)
  • Santomean
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Evaristo Carvalho
• Prime Minister
Jorge Bom Jesus
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
• from Portugal
12 July 1975
Area
• Total
1,001 km2 (386 sq mi) (171th)
• Water (%)
Negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
199,910 (178th)
• 2012 census
178,739
• Density
199.7/km2 (517.2/sq mi) (69th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$685 million
• Per capita
$3,220
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$355 million
• Per capita
$1,668
Gini (2010) 33.9
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.589
medium · 143rd
Currency Dobra (STN)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +239
ISO 3166 code ST
Internet TLD .st

Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe

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Categories: Flags introduced in 1975,National symbols of São Tomé and Príncipe,Flags of Africa,National flags,São Tomé and Príncipe,Central African countries,Gulf of Guinea,Island countries,Least developed countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries,Member states of the United Nations,Former colonies in Africa,Former Portuguese colonies,Portuguese colonisation in Africa,Portuguese-speaking countries and territories,Republics,States and territories established in 1975,Small Island Developing States,1975 establishments in São Tomé and Príncipe,Countries in Africa

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