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Flag of Senegal

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Flag of Senegal

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: October 5, 1992
Design: A vertical tricolour of green, yellow and red; charged with a green five-pointed star at the centre.
The flag of Senegal (French: le drapeau du Sénégal) is a tricolour consisting of three vertical green, yellow and red bands charged with a five-pointed green star at the centre. Adopted in 1992 to replace the flag of the Mali Federation, it has been the flag of the Republic of Senegal since the country gained independence that year. The present and previous flags were inspired by French Tricolour, which flew over Senegal until 1992.

Design
Symbolism
Much symbolism and many connotations are beholden to the stripes and singular star of the Senegalese flag. From a national perspective, green is highly symbolic within all of the country's primary religions. In Islam, the country's majority religion at 94% percent of the population, the green of both the first stripe and the star represent the colour of the Prophet, Christians see the presence of green as a portent of hope, and Animists view green as representative of fecundity.

The Senegalese government offers exegesis for the presence of yellow and red as well, yellow being "the symbol of wealth; it represents the product of work, for a nation whose main priority is the progress of economy, which will allow the increase of the cultural level, the second national priority." Additionally, yellow is denoted as "the colour of arts, literature, and intellect", primarily because literature teachers in Senegal are known to wear yellow blouses. Red "recalls the colour of blood, therefore colour of life and the sacrifice accepted by the nation, and also of the strong determination to fight against underdevelopment."

Historically, the three colours represent the three political parties which merged to form Union Progressiste Sénégalaisé (Senegalese Progressist Union, now Socialist Party of Senegal, Leopold Senghor's party): green for Bloc Démocratique Sénégalais (Senegalese Democratic Bloc), yellow for Mouvement Populaire Sénégalais (Senegalese Popular Movement) and red for Parti Sénégalais d'Action Sociale (Senegalese Party of Socialist Action).

Green, yellow and red are the colours of the Pan-Africanist movement. That pattern was replicated on Senegal's flag as a sign of unity among African countries. The quinary points of the star are said to "recall the human ideogram which was displayed in the middle of the flag of the former Mali Federation".

Republic of Senegal

  • Réewum Senegaal (Wolof)
  • République du Sénégal (French)
Flag of Senegal
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French)
"One People, One Goal, One Faith"
Anthem:
"Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons"
"Everyone strum your koras, strike the balafons"
Location of Senegal (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Senegal (dark blue)

in the African Union (light blue)

Location of Senegal
Capital
and largest city
Dakar
14°40′N 17°25′W / 14.667°N 17.417°W / 14.667; -17.417
Official languages French
Lingua franca Wolof
National languages
Ethnic groups
  • Wolof (41.3%)
  • Fula (17.8%)
  • Serer (15.7%)
  • Mandinka (14.0%)
  • Jola (3.7%)
  • Soninke (1.1%)
  • Other (7.4%)
Demonym(s) Senegalese
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Macky Sall
• Prime Minister
Mohammed Dionne
Legislature National Assembly
Independence
• from Francea
4 April 1960
• Withdrawal from
the Mali Federation
20 August 1960
Area
• Total
196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi) (86th)
• Water (%)
2.1
Population
• 2016 estimate
15,411,614 (72nd)
• 2016 census
14,668,522 (73rd)
• Density
68.7/km2 (177.9/sq mi) (134th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$59.987 billion (112th)
• Per capita
$3,675 (158th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$24.240 billion (108th)
• Per capita
$1,485 (158th)
Gini (2011) 40.3
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.505
low · 164th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +221
ISO 3166 code SN
Internet TLD .sn

Flag of Senegal

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Flag History of Senegal? | How old is Senegal Flag Design formation? | How to call Senegal?

Categories: Flags introduced in 1960,National symbols of Senegal,Flags of Africa,National flags, Senegal,Member states of the African Union,Economic Community of West African States,G15 nations,French-speaking countries and territories,Least developed countries,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Republics,States and territories established in 1960,Member states of the United Nations,West African countries,1960 establishments in Senegal,Countries in Africa

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