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Flag of Sierra Leone

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Flag of Sierra Leone

Use: National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 27 April 1961
Design: A horizontal tricolour of light green, white and light blue.

The national flag of Sierra Leone is a tricolour consisting of three horizontal green, white and blue bands. It was adopted in 1961, Sierra Leone's independence year, to replace the British Blue Ensign defaced with the arms of the Crown Colony of Sierra Leone.

History
The British first arrived in what is now modern-day Sierra Leone in 1787, when philanthropists and abolitionists acquired 52 square kilometres (20 sq mi) of land situated close to Bunce Island for freed slaves. The site of the settlement is where Freetown is now located. It became a crown colony of the United Kingdom within its colonial empire in 1808, Colony of Sierra Leone. Under colonial rule, Sierra Leone used the British Blue Ensign and defaced it with the arms of the territory. The emblem of Sierra Leone at the time consisted of a circle depicting an elephant, an oil palm tree and mountains, along with the letters "S.L." standing for the initials of the territory's name. Other than the initials, the rest of the emblem's design was identical to the colonial arms of the Gold Coast, The Gambia and the Lagos Colony. Sierra Leone was granted its own unique coat of arms in 1914, and the emblem on the Blue Ensign was modified to reflect this change.

In 1960, the College of Arms formulated and then approved of a new flag and coat of arms for Sierra Leone, in anticipation of the colony's independence the following year. The arms was designed first, and its predominant colours of green, white, and blue were subsequently utilized towards the creation of the flag. It was first hoisted at midnight on 27 April 1961, the day Sierra Leone became an independent country. Two years later, the government passed a law making it illegal to "insult" the country's flag, along with the flags of "friendly" nations.

Design
The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The green alludes to the country's natural resources – specifically agriculture and its mountains. – while the white epitomizes "unity and justice". The blue evokes the "natural harbour" of Freetown, the capital city of Sierra Leone, as well as the hope of "contributing to world peace" through its usage.

The flag is very similar to that of the official flag of Galápagos Province, Ecuador. The difference between the flags are very insignificant, with Sierra Leone's one having a lighter blue and green than that of the Galápagos Province.

Republic of Sierra Leone
Flag of Sierra Leone
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Justice"
Anthem: "High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free"
Location of Sierra Leone (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)  –  [Legend]
Location of Sierra Leone (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue) – [Legend]

Location of Sierra Leone
Capital
and largest city
Freetown
8°29.067′N 13°14.067′W / 8.484450°N 13.234450°W / 8.484450; -13.234450
Official languages English
Spoken languages
  • Temne
  • Mende
  • Krio
Demonym(s) Sierra Leonean
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Julius Maada Bio (SLPP)
• Vice-President
Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh (SLPP)
• Chief Minister
David J. Francis (SLPP)
• Speaker of Parliament
Abass Bundu (SLPP)
• Chief Justice
Desmond Babatunde Edwards
Legislature Parliament
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
27 April 1961
• Republic declared
19 April 1971
Area
• Total
71,740 km2 (27,700 sq mi) (117th)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• 2015 census
7,075,641 (103rd)
• Density
79.4/km2 (205.6/sq mi) (114tha)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$12.177 billion
• Per capita
$1,608
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$3.824 billion
• Per capita
$505
Gini (2011) 35.4
medium
HDI (2015) Decrease 0.420
low · 179th
Currency Leone (SLL)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +232
ISO 3166 code SL
Internet TLD .sl

Flag of Sierra_Leone

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Categories: National symbols of Sierra Leone,Flags of Africa,Flags introduced in 1961,National flags,Sierra Leone,Economic Community of West African States,English-speaking countries and territories,Least developed countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1961,Commonwealth republics,West African countries,1961 establishments in Sierra Leone,States and territories established in 1971,Countries in Africa

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