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Flag of South Sudan

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Flag of South Sudan

Use: National flag
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 9 July 2011; 7 years ago
Design: A horizontal tricolour of black, red, and green, fimbriated with white stripes; with a blue equilateral triangle based on the hoist side bearing a gold star.
The flag of South Sudan was adopted following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the Second Sudanese Civil War. A similar version of the flag was previously used as the flag of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement. The flag of South Sudan is older than the country itself, as the flag was adopted in 2005, while the country became independent in 2011.

History
When Sudan became independent in 1956, the predominantly Christian people living in the south of the country had no regional symbols, while the already dominant Muslim north displayed Islamic symbols on the national flag. Before independence, the British government had arranged for appropriate local symbols for the regions in Sudan, but the new government in independent Sudan had opposed the use of these symbols as being counterproductive to fostering national unity.

From the outset, the southern Sudanese felt discriminated against by the Islamic north. The southerners fought a drawn out and bloody civil war to gain their independence, followed by a peace agreement in 2005 that included a referendum on independence in the south. The referendum was passed with overwhelming support in 2011, and South Sudan became officially independent on July 9 that same year. In the 1990s, during their struggle with the north, the southern Sudanese had created a banner of independence, which would become the new national flag.

Description
The flag bears striking similarities with both the flags of Sudan and Kenya. It shares the black, white, red, and green of the Sudanese flag (although different symbolism is given to each of the colours), in addition to having a chevron along the hoist. The horizontal black, white, red, and green bands of the flag share the same design as the Kenyan flag, and the Pan-African symbolism thereof. Another main difference between the flags of Sudan and South Sudan is that there is a yellow star inside the blue triangle that represents the unity of South Sudan.

In an illustration of the contrasting regional orientation of the two Sudans, the flag of Sudan shares the stripes of the Egyptian flag, while the flag of South Sudan shares the stripes of the Kenyan flag.

Symbolism and representation
The Southern Sudanese government specifies that the colours of the flag are there to represent these descriptions of South Sudan:

Black: Represents the people of South Sudan.
Red: Represents blood that was shed for the independence of the country.
Green: Represents the country's agricultural, natural wealth, land, as well as progress
White: Represents South Sudan's peace attained after many years of the liberation struggle.
Blue: Represents waters of the Nile River, a source of life for the country.
Yellow: Represents unity (of the states), hope, and determination for all people.

Republic of South Sudan
Flag of South Sudan
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Justice, Liberty, Prosperity"
Anthem: "South Sudan Oyee!"

Location of South Sudan (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of South Sudan (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Location of South Sudan
Capital
and largest city
Juba
04°51′N 31°36′E / 4.850°N 31.600°E / 4.850; 31.600
Official languages English
Recognised national languages
  • Bari
  • Dinka
  • Luo
  • Murle
  • Nuer
  • Zande
and around 60 other language
Spoken languages[8]
  • Juba Arabic
  • English
  • Bari
  • Dinka
  • Luo
  • Murle
  • Nuer
  • Zande
  • various others
Demonym(s) South Sudanese
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic[9]
• President
Salva Kiir Mayardit
• Vice President
James Wani Igga
First Vice President
Taban Deng Gai
Legislature National Legislature
• Upper house
Council of States
• Lower house
National Legislative Assembly
Establishment
• End of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
1 January 1956
• Comprehensive Peace Agreement
6 January 2005
• Autonomy
9 July 2005
• Independence from Sudan
9 July 2011
• United Nations admission
13 July 2011
Area
• Total
619,745 km2 (239,285 sq mi) (41st)
Population
• 2016 estimate
12,230,730
• 2008 census
8,260,490 (disputed) (94th)
• Density
13.33/km2 (34.5/sq mi) (214th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$18.435 billion
• Per capita
$1,420
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$3.194 billion
• Per capita
$246
Gini (2009) 45.5
medium
HDI (2017) Decrease 0.388
low · 187th
Currency South Sudanese pound (SSP)
Time zone UTC+3 (East Africa Time)
Driving side right
Calling code +211
ISO 3166 code SS
Internet TLD .ssa
  1. Registered, but not yet operational.

Flag of South Sudan

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Categories: Flags of Africa,National symbols of South Sudan,Flags introduced in 2005,National flags,South Sudan,2011 establishments in South Sudan,Central African countries,Countries in Africa,East African Community,East African countries,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,English-speaking countries and territories,Federal republics,Least developed countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 2011,Landlocked countries

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