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Flag of Switzerland

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Flag of Switzerland

Use: National flag
Proportion: 1:1
Adopted: 841
Design: A square flag with a white cross in the centre and background in red.

The flag of Switzerland displays a white cross in the centre of a square red field. The white cross is known as the Swiss cross (German: das Schweizerkreuz, French: la croix suisse, Italian: la croce svizzera, Romansh: la crusch svizra). Its arms are equilateral, and their ratio of length to width is 7:6. The size of the cross in relation to the field was set in 2017 as 5:8.

The white cross has been used as the field sign (attached to the clothing of combatants and to the cantonal war flags in the form of strips of linen) of the Old Swiss Confederacy since its formation in the late 13th or early 14th century. Its symbolism was described by the Swiss Federal Council in 1889 as representing "at the same the Christian cross symbol and the field sign of the Old Confederacy". As a national ensign, it was first used in 1800 during the Hundred Days by general Niklaus Franz von Bachmann, and as regimental flag of all cantonal troops from 1841. The federal coat of arms (eidgenössisches Wappen) was defined in 1815 for the Restored Confederacy as the white-on-red Swiss cross in a heraldic shield. The current design was used together with a cross composed of five squares until 1889, when its dimensions were officially set.

The civil and state ensign of Switzerland, used by Swiss ships, boats and non-governmental bodies, is rectangular in shape and has the more common proportions of 3:2. The Swiss flag is one of only two square sovereign-state flags, the other being the flag of Vatican City. The emblem of the Red Cross is the Swiss flag with switched colours.


  • Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German)
  • Confédération suisse (French)
  • Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)
  • Confederaziun svizra (Romansh)
  • Confoederatio Helvetica (Latin)
Flag of Switzerland
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}Switzerland (green) in Europe (green & dark grey)
Location of
Switzerland (green)

in Europe (green & dark grey)

Capital None (de jure)
Bern (de facto)
46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest city Zürich
Official languages German
French
Italian
Romansh
Demonym(s) English: Swiss,
German: Schweizer(in),
French: Suisse(sse),
Italian: svizzero/svizzera, or elvetico/elvetica,
Romansh: Svizzer/Svizra
Government Federal semi-direct democracy under a multi-party parliamentary directorial republic
• Federal Council
  • Ueli Maurer (President)
  • Simonetta Sommaruga (Vice President)
  • Alain Berset
  • Guy Parmelin
  • Ignazio Cassis
  • Viola Amherd
  • Karin Keller-Sutter
Federal Chancellor
Walter Thurnherr
Legislature Federal Assembly
• Upper house
Council of States
• Lower house
National Council
History
• Foundation date
c. 1300 (traditionally 1 August 1291)
• Peace of Westphalia
24 October 1648
• Restoration
7 August 1815
• Federal state
12 September 1848
Area
• Total
41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi) (132nd)
• Water (%)
4.2
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase 8,508,898 (100th)
• 2015 census
8,327,126
• Density
206/km2 (533.5/sq mi) (68th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$551 billion (39th)
• Per capita
$64,988 (9th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$709 billion (19th)
• Per capita
$83,583 (2nd)
Gini (2016) Positive decrease 29.4
low · 19th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.944
very high · 2nd
Currency Swiss franc (CHF)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +41
Patron saint St Nicholas of Flüe
ISO 3166 code CH
Internet TLD .ch, .swiss

Flag of Switzerland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and Licensed under CC-BY-SA

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Flag History of Switzerland? | How old is Switzerland Flag Design formation? | How to call Switzerland?

Categories: National symbols of Switzerland,National flags,Red and white flags,Flags with crosses,Flags of Switzerland,Flags introduced in 1889,Switzerland,Central European countries,Federal republics,French-speaking countries and territories,German-speaking countries and territories,Italian-speaking countries and territories,Landlocked countries,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the United Nations,Western European countries,Countries in Europe

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