Flag of Tonga

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Flag of Tonga

Use: Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 4 November 1875
Design: A red field with the white rectangle on the upper hoist-side corner bearing the red Greek Cross in the centre.

The flag of Tonga consists of a red field with a white canton charged with a red couped cross. Adopted in 1875 after being officially enshrined into the nation's constitution, it has been the flag of the Kingdom of Tonga since that year. The constitution stipulates that the national flag can never be changed.

Design
Symbolism
The colours and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The red couped cross alludes to Christianity, the religion practised by approximately 97% of the country's population. The white epitomises purity, while the red evokes the sacrifice of the Blood of Christ, which he shed during his Crucifixion.

Similarities
The previous design of the flag featured a plain white field charged with the red couped cross. However, it was later discovered that this flag was almost identical to the emblem of the International Red Cross, which had been adopted in 1863. As a result of this finding, the Tongan flag was set at the canton of a red field instead, leading to the present design of the flag. The previous design, nonetheless, remains a national symbol of Tonga. The current flag of Tonga also has some similarities with the flags of Switzerland and Georgia.


Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga (Tongan)
Flag of Tonga
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Seal
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God and Tonga are my Inheritance"
Anthem: Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands
Location of Tonga
Location of Tonga
Capital
and largest city
Nukuʻalofa
21°08′S 175°12′W / 21.133°S 175.200°W / -21.133; -175.200
Official languages
  • English
  • Tongan
Ethnic groups
(2018)
  • 97% Tongan
  • 0.7% Part-Tongan
  • 2.2% Other
Religion
Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga
Demonym(s) Tongan
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Tupou VI
• Prime Minister
ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
• Assembly Speaker
Fatafehi Fakafanua
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Independence
from British protection
4 June 1970
Area
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (175th)
• Water (%)
4.0
Population
• 2016 census
100,651
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) (76tha)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$655 million
• Per capita
$6,496
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$493 million
• Per capita
$4,888
HDI (2014) Increase 0.717
high · 100th
Currency Paʻanga (TOP)
Time zone UTC+13
Driving side left
Calling code +676
ISO 3166 code TO
Internet TLD .to

Flag of Tonga

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Flag History of Tonga? | How old is Tonga Flag Design formation? | How to call Tonga?

Categories: 1875 introductions,National symbols of Tonga,National flags,Red and white flags,Flags with crosses,Tonga,Archipelagoes of the Pacific Ocean,British Western Pacific Territories,Commonwealth monarchies,Countries in Polynesia,English-speaking countries and territories,Former British protectorates,Island countries,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the United Nations,Small Island Developing States,Christian states

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