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Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

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Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

Name: Flag of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
The Sun-Sea-Sand Banner
Use: National flag
Proportion: 3:5
Adopted: 31 August 1962
Design: A red field with a white-fimbriated black diagonal band from the upper hoist-side to the lower fly-side.

The flag of Trinidad and Tobago was adopted upon independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1962. Designed by Carlisle Chang (1921–2001), the flag of Trinidad and Tobago was chosen by the independence committee of 1962. Red, black and white symbolise fire (the sun, representing courage), earth (representing dedication) and water (representing purity and equality).

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve
Anthem: "Forged from the Love of Liberty"
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Capital Port of Spain
10°40′0″N 61°30′27″W / 10.66667°N 61.50750°W / 10.66667; -61.50750
Largest city Chaguanas
10°31′7″N 61°24′37″W / 10.51861°N 61.41028°W / 10.51861; -61.41028
Official languages English
Other languages See Languages in Trinidad and Tobago
Ethnic groups
(2011)
  • 37.6% Indian
  • 36.3% African
  • 24.4% Mixed• 7.66% Dougla
    (Indian and African)
  • 0.65% European• 0.06% Portuguese
  • 0.30% Chinese
  • 0.11% Indigenous Amerindian
    (incld. the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community)
  • 0.08% Arab
  • 0.17% Other
  • 6.22% Undeclared
Religion
(2011)
  • 49.6% Christian
  • 18.2% Hindu
  • 5.7% Spiritual Baptist
  • 5.0% Muslim
  • 1.2% Bahá'í
  • 0.9% Orisha-Shango (Yoruba)
  • 0.3% Rastafarian
  • 5.8% Other
  • 11.1% Not stated
  • 2.2% None
Demonym(s)
  • Trinidadians and Tobagonians
  • Trini (colloquial)
  • Trinbagonian
Membership
  • UN
  • CARICOM
  • WTO
  • CELAC
  • ACS
  • OAS
  • Commonwealth of Nations
  • AOSIS
  • ACP
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Paula-Mae Weekes
• Prime Minister
Keith Rowley
• Leader of the Opposition
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
• Speaker of the House of Representatives
Brigid Annisette-George
• President of the Senate
Christine Kangaloo
• Chief Justice
Ivor Archie
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
House of Representatives
Establishment
• Amerindian tribes settle in Trinidad and Tobago
c. 5000 B.C.
• Trinidad and Tobago (separately) discovered by the Spanish
1498
• Colonised by Spain
1530
• Spain cedes Trinidad to Great Britain as a result of the Invasion of Trinidad and is formalised at the Treaty of Amiens
1797 and 25 March 1802
• France cedes Tobago to the United Kingdom at the Treaty of Paris, which puts Tobago under British sovereingty for a third time
30 May 1814
• Unification of Trinidad and Tobago
1888
• Part of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962
• Independence from the United Kingdom
31 August 1962
• Joins CARICOM at the Treaty of Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
(celebrated 24 September)
Area
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (165th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
1,359,193 (151st)
• 2011 census
1,328,019
• Density
264/km2 (683.8/sq mi) (54th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$45.149 billion
• Per capita
$32,684
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$22.438 billion
• Per capita
$16,243
Gini (2012) 39.0
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.784
high · 69th
Currency Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zone UTC-4 (Atlantic Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC-4 (not observed)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Driving side left
Calling code +1 (868)
ISO 3166 code TT
Internet TLD .tt

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

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Categories: Flags introduced in 1962,National symbols of Trinidad and Tobago,National flags,Trinidad and Tobago,Commonwealth republics,Countries in the Caribbean,Countries in North America,English-speaking countries and territories,Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas,Former Spanish colonies,Former colonies in North America,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the United Nations,Small Island Developing States,States and territories established in 1962,1962 establishments in Trinidad and Tobago,1960s establishments in the Caribbean,Windward Islands

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