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Flag of Tunisia

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Flag of Tunisia

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1831
Design: A red field with a centered white sun-disc containing a red five-pointed star surrounded by a red crescent
Designed by: Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud

The red and white flag of Tunisia, adopted as national flag in 1959, has its origins in the naval ensign of the Kingdom of Tunis adopted in 1831 by Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud. The star and crescent recalls the Ottoman flag and is therefore an indication of Tunisia's history as a part of the Ottoman Empire. The current official design dates to 1999.

Description
The Tunisian flag was defined in Article 4 of the 1 June 1959 constitution under these terms: "The flag of the Republic of Tunisia is red, it has, under the conditions defined by law, in the middle, a white disk containing a five-pointed star surrounded by a red crescent."

The Organic Law No. 99-56 of 30 June 1999, adopted on 3 July by the Chamber of Deputies, formalized the Tunisian flag for the first time in law, clarifying Article 4 of the constitution. The flag is in the form of a red rectangle with a width equal to two-thirds of its length. In the middle of the flag is a white disk whose diameter is equal to one-third of the length of the rectangle and whose center is located at the intersection of the diagonals of the rectangle. A red five-pointed star is located to the right of the disk, whose center is at a distance equal to one-thirtieth of the length of the flag from the center of the disk.

The location of the star's five points is determined by an imaginary disk centered on the star's center, its diameter equal to roughly 15% the length of the flag. The points of the star are equidistant from each other, and one of the points is located on the horizontal median of the flag to the left of the center of the imaginary disk. The star is surrounded on its left by a red crescent made by the intersection of two arcs, an outer arc whose diameter is equal to one-fourth of the length of the flag, and an internal arc with a diameter equal to one-fifth of the flag's length. In addition, at the top of the flag used by the President of the Republic, the words "for the nation" (Arabic: للوطن‎) are written in gold. The three outer edges of the flag are lined with golden yellow fringe and a red ribbon, with golden fringe on the right vertical side and a white disk with a star and crescent near the fringe, is attached to the flag pole above the flag.

Article 4 of the 1959 constitution specifies the presence of a technical dossier containing a model of the flag, a guide to drawing it, which includes the proper measurements, and technical specifications of its colors.

Republic of Tunisia

الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah
République tunisienne (French)
Flag of Tunisia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: حرية، كرامة، عدالة، نظام
"Ḥurrīyah, Karāma, 'Adālah, Niẓām"
"freedom, dignity, justice, and order"
Anthem: حماة الحمى
Humat al-Hima
Defenders of the Homeland
Location of Tunisia (dark blue) in Africa (light blue)
Location of Tunisia (dark blue)

in Africa (light blue)

Location of Tunisia
Capital
and largest city
Tunis
36°49′N 10°11′E / 36.817°N 10.183°E / 36.817; 10.183
Official languages Arabic
Spoken languages
  • Tunisian Arabic
  • Berber
  • French (administrative, commercial and educational)
Ethnic groups
Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Religion
Islam (state religion, 99% Sunni), 1% Jews, Christians and others 
Demonym(s) Tunisian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Beji Caid Essebsi
• Prime Minister
Youssef Chahed
Legislature Assembly of the Representatives of the People
Formation
• Carthaginian Empire
814 BC
• Muslim Conquest
666–670 AD
• Husainid Dynasty inaugurated
15 July 1705
• Independence from France
20 March 1956
• Republic declared
25 July 1957
• Revolution Day
14 January 2011
Area
• Total
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (91st)
• Water (%)
5.0
Population
• 2017 estimate
11,434,994 (79th)
• Density
63/km2 (163.2/sq mi) (133rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$144.222 billion
• Per capita
$12,369
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$41.662 billion
• Per capita
$3,573
Gini (2017) 35.8
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.735
high · 95th
Currency Tunisian dinar (TND)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
Driving side right
Calling code +216
ISO 3166 code TN
Internet TLD
  • .tn
  • .تونس

Flag of Tunisia

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Flag History of Tunisia? | How old is Tunisia Flag Design formation? | How to call Tunisia?

Categories: 1831 introductions,National symbols of Tunisia,Flags of Africa,Flags with star and crescent,Red and white flags,National flags,Tunisia,Maghrebi countries,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,Berber-speaking countries and territories,French-speaking countries and territories,North African countries,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Arab League,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Saharan countries,Countries in Africa

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