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Flag of United Kingdom

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Name: Union Jack, Union Flag, British flag, UK flag
Use: National flag
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 1 January 1801; 218 years ago
Design: A white-fimbriated symmetric red cross on a blue field with a white-fimbriated counterchanged saltire of red and white.

The national flag of the United Kingdom is the Union Jack, also known as the Union Flag.

The current design of the Union Jack dates from the union of Ireland and Great Britain in 1801. It consists of the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England), edged in white, superimposed on the Cross of St Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which are superimposed on the Saltire of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland). Wales is not represented in the Union Flag by Wales's patron saint, Saint David, as at the time the flag was designed Wales was part of the Kingdom of England.

The flag's standard height-to-length proportions are 1:2. The war flag variant used by the British Army modifies the proportions to 3:5 and crops two of the red diagonals.

The earlier flag of Great Britain was established in 1606 by a proclamation of King James VI and I of Scotland and England. The new flag of the United Kingdom was officially created by an Order in Council of 1801, reading as follows:

The Union Flag shall be azure, the Crosses saltire of Saint Andrew and Saint Patrick quarterly per saltire, counter-changed, argent and gules, the latter fimbriated of the second, surmounted by the Cross of Saint George of the third fimbriated as the saltire.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
A flag featuring both cross and saltire in red, white and blue
Flag
Coat of arms containing shield and crown in centre, flanked by lion and unicorn
Royal coat of arms­
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
EU-United Kingdom (orthographic projection).svgShow globe
EU-United Kingdom.svgShow map of Europe
Location of the United Kingdom (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
London
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Official language
and national language
English
Recognised regional or minority languages
  • Scots
  • Ulster Scots
  • Welsh
  • Cornish
  • Scottish Gaelic
  • Irish
Ethnic groups
(2011)
  • 87.1% White
  • 7.0% Asian
  • 3.0% Black
  • 2.0% Mixed
  • 0.9% others
Religion
(2011)
  • 59.5% Christian
  • 25.7% Irreligious
  • 4.4% Muslim
  • 1.3% Hindu
  • 0.7% Sikh
  • 0.4% Jewish
  • 0.4% Buddhist
  • 0.4% Other
  • 7.2% Unknown
Demonym(s)
  • British
  • Briton
Membership
  • England
  • Northern Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Wales
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Prime Minister
Theresa May
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
House of Lords
• Lower house
House of Commons
Formation
• Laws in Wales Acts
1535 and 1542
• Union of the Crowns under James VI and I
24 March 1603
• Acts of Union of England and Scotland
1 May 1707
• Acts of Union of Great Britain and Ireland
1 January 1801
• Irish Free State Constitution Act
5 December 1922
• EC accession­
1 January 1973
Area
• Total
242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi) (78th)
• Water (%)
1.34
Population
• 2017 estimate
Increase 66,040,229 (22nd)
• 2011 census
63,181,775 (22nd)
• Density
270.7/km2 (701.1/sq mi) (50th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$3.028 trillion (9th)
• Per capita
$45,565 (25th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$2.936 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
$44,177 (19th)
Gini (2017) Negative increase 33.1
medium · 33rd
HDI (2017) Increase 0.922
very high · 14th
Currency Pound sterling (GBP; £)
Time zone UTC⁠ (Greenwich Mean Time, WET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (British Summer Time, WEST)
Date format dd/mm/yy
yyyy-mm-dd (AD)
Driving side left
Calling code +44
ISO 3166 code GB
Internet TLD .uk

Flag of United Kingdom

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Flag History of United Kingdom? | How old is United Kingdom Flag Design formation? | How to call United Kingdom?

Categories: Flags of the United Kingdom,National flags,National symbols of the United Kingdom,Unionism in the United Kingdom,Flags with crosses,Flags introduced in 1801,United Kingdom,British Islands,Countries in Europe,English-speaking countries and territories,G7 nations,G8 nations,G20 nations,Island countries,Northern European countries,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Priority articles for attention after Brexit,Western European countries

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