Flag of Zambia
The flag of Zambia is the national flag of Zambia. It was adopted upon independence on 24 October 1964. Before that, Zambia was the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia and used a defaced Blue Ensign as its flag.
The current flag is used as both national flag and ensign. It is green with an orange-coloured African fish eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes, coloured, from left to right: red, black and orange. The placement of the eagle and block of stripes at the flag's fly is notable as most emblems and devices on flags are placed at centre or at the hoist. The colours used in the flag of Zambia are rich in symbolism. Green stands for the nation's lush flora, red for the nation's struggle for freedom, black for the Zambian people, and orange for the land's natural resources and mineral wealth. Additionally, the eagle flying above the coloured stripes is intended to represent the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.
The Zambian flag was slightly modified in 1996. The shade of green used in the 1964 flag was replaced with a brighter and lighter green and the eagle was slightly altered so as to be more like the one used in the Zambian coat of arms.
The design of the national flag of Zambia is described in National Flag and Armorial Ensigns Act of 4 June 1965.
Green with an orange coloured eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes coloured from left to right in red, black and orange; of overall dimensions 3:2; and to the following colour specifications:
"Union Jack Red", British Colour Council Shade reference 210.
"Jet Black", British Colour Council Shade reference 220.
"Spectrum Orange", British Colour Council Shade reference 57.
|Design Formation||24 October, 1964 (modified in 1996)|
|Population 2019||17,810,967 (2018)|
|Currency||Zambian kwacha (ZMW)|
|Land/Area||752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi)|
|Highest Point||Mafinga Central (Mafinga Hills) - 2,339 m (7,674 ft)|
|GDP(per capita)||1,509.80 USD (Google, 2017)|
|Country Code||ZM (ZMB)(2 Digit ISO and 3 Digit ISO)|
|By Alphabet Order||Z|